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Submissions from 2018

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Physical activity across the lifespan and liver cancer incidence in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study cohort., Hannah Arem, Erikka Loftfield, Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Neal D Freedman, and Charles E Matthews

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Safety and Feasibility of a Neuroscience Critical Care Program to Mobilize Patients With Primary Intracerebral Hemorrhage., Mona N Bahouth, Melinda C Power, Elizabeth K Zink, Kate Kozeniewski, Sowmya Kumble, Sandra Deluzio, Victor C Urrutia, and Robert D Stevens

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Risk behaviors and HIV care continuum outcomes among criminal justice-involved HIV-infected transgender women and cisgender men: Data from the Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain Harmonization Initiative., Curt G Beckwith, Irene Kuo, Rob J Fredericksen, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein, William E Cunningham, Sandra A Springer, Kelsey B Loeliger, Julie Franks, Katerina Christopoulos, Jennifer Lorvick, Shoshana Y Kahana, Rebekah Young, David W Seal, Chad Zawitz, Joseph A Delaney, Heidi M Crane, and Mary L Biggs

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Prevention paradox: Medical students are less inclined to prescribe HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis for patients in highest need., Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Kristen Underhill, Douglas S Krakower, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Kenneth H Mayer, Joseph R Betancourt, Trace S Kershaw, and John F Dovidio

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Defining Care Patterns and Outcomes Among Persons Living with HIV in Washington, DC: Linkage of Clinical Cohort and Surveillance Data., Amanda D Castel, Arpi Terzian, Jenevieve Opoku, Lindsey Powers Happ, Naji Younes, Michael Kharfen, Alan Greenberg, and DC Cohort Executive Committee

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Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and HIV-Free Survival in Swaziland: A Community-Based Household Survey., Caspian Chouraya, Rhoderick Machekano, Simangele Mthethwa, Krysia Lindan, Munamato Mirira, Kwashie Kudiabor, Michelle M Gill, Gugu Maphalala, Godfrey Woelk, and Laura Guay

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The aprosody of schizophrenia: Computationally derived acoustic phonetic underpinnings of monotone speech., Michael T Compton, Anya Lunden, Sean D Cleary, Luca Pauselli, Yazeed Alolayan, Brooke Halpern, Beth Broussard, Anthony Crisafio, Leslie Capulong, Pierfrancesco Maria Balducci, Francesco Bernardini, and Michael A Covington

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An approximate joint model for multiple paired longitudinal outcomes and time-to-event data, Angelo F. Elmi, K Grantz, and P Albert

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Impact of chronic sexual abuse and depression on inflammation and wound healing in the female reproductive tract of HIV-uninfected and HIV-infected women., Mimi Ghosh, Jason Daniels, Maria Pyra, Monika Juzumaite, Mariel Jais, Kerry Murphy, Tonya N Taylor, Seble Kassaye, Lorie Benning, Mardge Cohen, and Kathleen Weber

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Immune biomarkers and anti-HIV activity in the reproductive tract of sexually active and sexually inactive adolescent girls., Mimi Ghosh, Mariel Jais, Roshni Biswas, Jason Jarin, Jason Daniels, Christopher Joy, Monika Juzumaite, Vanessa Emmanuel, and Veronica Gomez-Lobo

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Piloting very early infant diagnosis of HIV in Lesotho: Acceptability and feasibility among mothers, health workers and laboratory personnel., Michelle M Gill, Lynne M Mofenson, Mamakhetha Phalatse, Vincent Tukei, Laura Guay, and Matsepeli Nchephe

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Androgens, Irregular Menses, and Risk of Diabetes and Coronary Artery Calcification in the Diabetes Prevention Program., Catherine Kim, Vanita R Aroda, Ronald B Goldberg, Naji Younes, Sharon L Edelstein, MaryLou Carrion-Petersen, and David A Ehrmann

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Sexually Transmitted Infections Among HIV-Infected Individuals in the District of Columbia and Estimated HIV Transmission Risk: Data From the DC Cohort, Jose Lucar, Rachel Hart, Nabil Rayeed, Arpi Terzian, Amy Weintrob, Amanda D. Castel, Debra A. Benator, and DC Cohort Executive Committee

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Perceived access and barriers to care among illicit drug users and hazardous drinkers: findings from the Seek, Test, Treat, and Retain data harmonization initiative (STTR)., Mika Matsuzaki, Quan M Vu, Marya Gwadz, Joseph A C Delaney, Irene Kuo, Maria Esther Perez Trejo, William E Cunningham, Chinazo O Cunningham, and Katerina Christopoulos

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The HCUP SID Imputation Project: Improving Statistical Inferences for Health Disparities Research by Imputing Missing Race Data., Yan Ma, Wei Zhang, Stephen Lyman, and Yihe Huang

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A qualitative study examining the benefits and challenges of incorporating patient-reported outcome substance use and mental health questionnaires into clinical practice to improve outcomes on the HIV care continuum., Anne K Monroe, Sarah M Jabour, Sebastian Peña, Jeanne C Keruly, Richard D Moore, Geetanjali Chander, and Kristin A Riekert

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Computational linguistic analysis applied to a semantic fluency task to measure derailment and tangentiality in schizophrenia., Luca Pauselli, Brooke Halpern, Sean D Cleary, Benson Ku, Michael A Covington, and Michael T Compton

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Tobacco, alcohol use and risk of hepatocellular carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma: The Liver Cancer Pooling Project., Jessica L Petrick, Peter T Campbell, Jill Koshiol, Jake E Thistle, Gabriella Andreotti, Laura E Beane-Freeman, Kim Robien, and +several additional authors

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The Association of Long-Term Exposure to Particulate Matter Air Pollution with Brain MRI Findings: The ARIC Study., Melinda C Power, Archana P Lamichhane, Duanping Liao, Xiaohui Xu, Clifford R Jack, Rebecca F Gottesman, Thomas Mosley, James D Stewart, Jeff D Yanosky, and Eric A Whitsel

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Pre- and post-diagnosis physical activity, television viewing, and mortality among hematologic cancer survivors., Daniela Schmid, Gundula Behrens, Hannah Arem, Christina Hart, Wolfgang Herr, Carmen Jochem, Charles E Matthews, and Michael F Leitzmann

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Increased Risk of Severe Hypoglycemic Events Before and After Cardiovascular Outcomes in TECOS Suggests an At-Risk Type 2 Diabetes Frail Patient Phenotype., Eberhard Standl, Susanna R Stevens, Paul W Armstrong, John B Buse, Juliana C N Chan, Jennifer B Green, John M Lachin, Andre Scheen, Florence Travert, Frans Van de Werf, Eric D Peterson, and Rury R Holman

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The association of mid-to late-life systemic inflammation with white matter structure in older adults: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study., Keenan A Walker, B Gwen Windham, Melinda C Power, Ron C Hoogeveen, Aaron R Folsom, Christie M Ballantyne, David S Knopman, Elizabeth Selvin, Clifford R Jack, and Rebecca F Gottesman

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Oxidative stress and cardiovascular risk in type 1 diabetes mellitus: Insights from the DCCT/EDIC study, W. Wilson Tang, P. McGee, John M. Lachin, D. Li, B. Hoogwerf, S. Hazen, and +several additional authors

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Serum folate levels and urinary arsenic methylation profiles in the US population: NHANES, 2003–2012, X Zhang, X Xu, Y Zhong, Melinda C. Power, B Taylor, and G Carrillo

Submissions from 2017

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Challenges in Conducting Research on Sexual Violence and HIV and Approaches to Overcome Them., Annette Aldous, Manya Magnus, Afsoon Roberts, Heather DeVore, Theresa Moriarty, Catherine Hatch Schultz, Maria Zumer, Gary Simon, and Mimi Ghosh

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Prevalence and Trends in Transmitted and Acquired Antiretroviral Drug Resistance, Washington, DC, 1999-2014., Annette M Aldous, Amanda D Castel, and David M Parenti

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Post-diagnosis body mass index and mortality among women diagnosed with endometrial cancer: Results from the Women's Health Initiative., Hannah Arem, Ruth M Pfeiffer, Steven C Moore, Melinda L Irwin, Michael J LaMonte, Gloria E Sarto, Rami Nassir, Juhua Luo, Rowan T Chlebowski, Louise A Brinton, and Charles E Matthews

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Association of Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Myocardial Fibrosis With Early Cardiac Dysfunction in Type 1 Diabetes: The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications Study., Anderson C Armstrong, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, Evrim Turkbey, Sirisha Donekal, Elzbieta Chamera, Jye-Yu Backlund, Patricia Cleary, John Lachin, David A Bluemke, and João A C Lima

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Density of Upper Respiratory Colonization With Streptococcus pneumoniae and Its Role in the Diagnosis of Pneumococcal Pneumonia Among Children Aged <5 Years in the PERCH>Study., Henry C Baggett, Nora L Watson, Maria Deloria Knoll, W Abdullah Brooks, Daniel R Feikin, Laura L Hammitt, Stephen R C Howie, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Shabir A Madhi, David R Murdoch, J Anthony G Scott, Donald M Thea, Martin Antonio, Juliet O Awori, Vicky L Baillie, Andrea N DeLuca, Amanda J Driscoll, Julie Duncan, Bernard E Ebruke, Doli Goswami, Melissa M Higdon, Ruth A Karron, David P Moore, Susan C Morpeth, Justin M Mulindwa, Daniel E Park, Wantana Paveenkittiporn, Barameht Piralam, Christine Prosperi, Samba O Sow, Milagritos D Tapia, Khalequ Zaman, Scott L Zeger, and Katherine L O'Brien

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The Relationship of Blood Glucose with Cardiovascular Disease is Mediated Over Time By Traditional Risk Factors In type 1 Diabetes: The DCCT/EDIC Study., Ionut Bebu, Barbara H Braffett, Rodica Pop-Busui, Trevor J Orchard, David M Nathan, and John M Lachin

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Optimal Screening Schedules for Disease Progression with Application to Diabetic Retinopathy., Ionut Bebu and John M Lachin

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Gender Differences in HIV Care among Criminal Justice-Involved Persons: Baseline Data from the CARE+ Corrections Study., Curt Beckwith, Breana Uhrig Castonguay, Claudia Trezza, Lauri Bazerman, Rudy Patrick, Alice Cates, Halli Olsen, Ann Kurth, Tao Liu, James Peterson, and Irene Kuo

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Adherence to a Lifestyle Program for Youth with Type 2 Diabetes and Its Association with Treatment Outcome in the TODAY Clinical Trial., Robert I Berkowitz, Marsha D Marcus, Barbara J Anderson, Linda Delahanty, Nisha Grover, Andrea Kriska, Lori Laffel, Amy Syme, Elizabeth Venditti, Dorothy J Van Buren, Denise E Wilfley, Patrice Yasuda, and Kathryn Hirst

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Factor Structure of the Cannabis Experiences Questionnaire in a First-episode Psychosis Sample., Michael L Birnbaum, Sean D Cleary, Claire Ramsay Wan, Luca Pauselli, and Michael T Compton

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Insulin Sensitivity and Diabetic Kidney Disease in Children and Adolescents With Type 2 Diabetes: An Observational Analysis of Data From the TODAY Clinical Trial., Petter Bjornstad, Edward Nehus, Laure El Ghormli, Fida Bacha, Ingrid M Libman, Siripoom McKay, Steven M Willi, Lori Laffel, Silva Arslanian, and Kristen J Nadeau

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Insights into the Bisphosphonate Holiday: A Preliminary FTIRI Study., A L Boskey, L Spevak, Y Ma, H Wang, D C Bauer, D M Black, and A V Schwartz

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Data and Safety Monitoring Board evaluation and management of a renal adverse event signal in TOPCAT., Michael R Bristow, Kavita Sharma, Susan F Assmann, Stuart Linas, Bernard J Gersh, Christine Grady, Madeline Murguia Rice, Steven Singh, Robin Boineau, Sonja M McKinlay, and Barry H Greenberg

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Design and Challenges of a Randomized Clinical Trial of Medical Expulsive Therapy (Tamsulosin) for Urolithiasis in the Emergency Department., Pamela K Burrows, Judd E Hollander, Allan B Wolfson, Michael C Kurz, Lorna Richards, Sara DiFiore, Phillip Watts, Nivedita Patkar, Jeremy Brown, Stephen Jackman, Ziya Kirkali, John W Kusek, Chloe Michel, and Andrew C Meltzer

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Pancreatic Safety of Sitagliptin in the TECOS Study., John B Buse, M Angelyn Bethel, Jennifer B Green, Susanna R Stevens, Yuliya Lokhnygina, Pablo Aschner, Carlos Raffo Grado, Tsvetalina Tankova, Julio Wainstein, Robert Josse, John M Lachin, Samuel S Engel, Keyur Patel, Eric D Peterson, and Rury R Holman

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The Association Between Cytochrome P450 3A, Progesterone Receptor Polymorphisms, Plasma 17-OHPC Concentrations, and Spontaneous Preterm Birth., Martha L Bustos, Steve N Caritis, Kathleen A Jablonski, Uma M Reddy, Yoram Sorokin, John M Thorp, Michael W Varner, Ronald J Wapner, Jay D Iams, Marshall W Carpenter, Alan M Peaceman, Brian M Mercer, Anthony Sciscione, Dwight J Rouse, and Susan M Ramin

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A Closer Look at Racism and Heterosexism in Medical Students' Clinical Decision-Making Related to HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): Implications for PrEP Education., Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Douglas S Krakower, Kristen Underhill, Wilson Vincent, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Trace S Kershaw, Kenneth H Mayer, Joseph R Betancourt, and John F Dovidio

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A Closer Look at Racism and Heterosexism in Medical Students' Clinical Decision-Making Related to HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): Implications for PrEP Education., Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Douglas S Krakower, Kristen Underhill, Wilson Vincent, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Trace S Kershaw, Kenneth H Mayer, Joseph R Betancourt, and John F Dovidio

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Sexual Stereotypes Ascribed to Black Men Who Have Sex with Men: An Intersectional Analysis., Sarah K Calabrese, Valerie A Earnshaw, Manya Magnus, Nathan B Hansen, Douglas S Krakower, Kristen Underhill, Kenneth H Mayer, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, and John F Dovidio

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"Support Your Client at the Space That They're in": HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Prescribers' Perspectives on PrEP-Related Risk Compensation., Sarah K Calabrese, Manya Magnus, Kenneth H Mayer, Douglas S Krakower, Adam I Eldahan, Lauren A Gaston Hawkins, Kristen Underhill, Nathan B Hansen, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, and John F Dovidio

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"Support Your Client at the Space That They're in": HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Prescribers' Perspectives on PrEP-Related Risk Compensation., Sarah K Calabrese, Manya Magnus, Kenneth H Mayer, Douglas S Krakower, Adam I Eldahan, Lauren A Gaston Hawkins, Kristen Underhill, Nathan B Hansen, Trace S Kershaw, Joseph R Betancourt, and John F Dovidio

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Subclinical Hypothyroidism or Hypothyroxinemia in Pregnancy., Brian M Casey and Elizabeth A Thom

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Feasibility of Using HIV Care-Continuum Outcomes to Identify Geographic Areas for Targeted HIV Testing., Amanda D Castel, Irene Kuo, Meriam Mikre, Toni Young, Meredith Haddix, Suparna Das, Geoffrey Maugham, and Carol Reisen

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Use of National Standards to Monitor HIV Care and Treatment in a High Prevalence City-Washington, DC., Amanda D Castel, Arpi Terzian, Rachel Hart, Nabil Rayeed, Mariah M Kalmin, Heather Young, and Alan E Greenberg

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Cohort profile: seek, test, treat and retain United States criminal justice cohort., Redonna Chandler, Michael S Gordon, Bridget Kruszka, Lauren N Strand, Frederick L Altice, Irene Kuo, and +several additional authors

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Cohort Profile: Seek, Test and Retain United States Criminal Justice Cohort., R Chandler, M S. Gordon, B Kruszka, L N. Strand, F L. Altice, C G. Beckwith, M L. Biggs, W Cunningham, J A. Chris Delaney, P M. Flynn, C E. Golin, K Knight, A H. Kral, I Kuo, J Lorvick, R M. Nance, L J. Ouellet, J D. Rich, S Sacks, D Seal, A Spaulding, S A. Springer, F Taxman, D Wohl, and J D. Young

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Neonatal Morbidity of Small- and Large-for-Gestational-Age Neonates Born at Term in Uncomplicated Pregnancies., Suneet P Chauhan, Madeline Murguia Rice, William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, and Jorge E Tolosa

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Analysis of HIV Integrase Resistance in Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States., Iris Chen, Yinfeng Zhang, Vanessa Cummings, Gavin A Cloherty, Matthew Connor, Geetha Beauchamp, Sam Griffith, Scott Rose, Joel Gallant, Hyman M Scott, Steven Shoptaw, Carlos Del Rio, Irene Kuo, Sharon Mannheimer, Hong-Van Tieu, Christopher B Hurt, Sheldon D Fields, Darrell P Wheeler, Kenneth H Mayer, Beryl A Koblin, and Susan H Eshleman

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Mixture models for undiagnosed prevalent disease and interval-censored incident disease: applications to a cohort assembled from electronic health records., Li C Cheung, Qing Pan, Noorie Hyun, Mark Schiffman, Barbara Fetterman, Philip E Castle, Thomas Lorey, and Hormuzd A Katki

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Lessons Learned From the Implementation of Seek, Test, Treat, Retain Interventions Using Mobile Phones and Text Messaging to Improve Engagement in HIV Care for Vulnerable Populations in the United States., Katerina A Christopoulos, William E Cunningham, Curt G Beckwith, Irene Kuo, Carol E Golin, Kevin Knight, Patrick M Flynn, Anne C Spaulding, Lara S Coffin, Bridget Kruszka, Ann Kurth, Jeremy D Young, Sharon Mannheimer, Heidi M Crane, and Shoshana Y Kahana

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Immigrant Trauma and Mental Health Outcomes Among Latino Youth., Sean D Cleary, Ryan Snead, Daniela Dietz-Chavez, Ivonne Rivera, and Mark C Edberg

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Standardization of Clinical Assessment and Sample Collection Across All PERCH Study Sites., Jane Crawley, Christine Prosperi, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Maria Deloria Knoll, Laura L Hammitt, Stephen R C Howie, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Shabir A Madhi, David R Murdoch, Katherine L O'Brien, Donald M Thea, Juliet O Awori, Charatdao Bunthi, Andrea N DeLuca, Amanda J Driscoll, Bernard E Ebruke, Doli Goswami, Melissa M Hidgon, Ruth A Karron, Sidi Kazungu, Nana Kourouma, Grant Mackenzie, David P Moore, Azwifari Mudau, Magdalene Mwale, Kamrun Nahar, Daniel E Park, Barameht Piralam, Phil Seidenberg, Mamadou Sylla, Daniel R Feikin, and J Anthony G Scott

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Standardization of Clinical Assessment and Sample Collection Across All PERCH Study Sites., Jane Crawley, Christine Prosperi, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Maria Deloria Knoll, Daniel E Park, and +several additional authors

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Biomarkers of tubulointerstitial damage and function in type 1 diabetes, Ian de Boer, Xiaoyu Gao, Ionut Bebu, Andrew Hoofnagle, John Lachin, and Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) Research Group.

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Depressive Symptoms, Antidepressant Medication Use, and Inflammatory Markers in the Diabetes Prevention Program., Mary de Groot, David Marrero, Lisa Mele, Todd Doyle, Frank Schwartz, Kieren J Mather, Ronald Goldberg, David W Price, Yong Ma, and William C Knowler

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Bayesian Estimation of Pneumonia Etiology: Epidemiologic Considerations and Applications to the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health Study., Maria Deloria Knoll, Wei Fu, Qiyuan Shi, Christine Prosperi, Zhenke Wu, Laura L Hammitt, Daniel R Feikin, Henry C Baggett, Stephen R C Howie, J Anthony G Scott, David R Murdoch, Shabir A Madhi, Donald M Thea, W Abdullah Brooks, Karen L Kotloff, Mengying Li, Daniel E Park, Wenyi Lin, Orin S Levine, Katherine L O'Brien, and Scott L Zeger

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Evaluation of Pneumococcal Load in Blood by Polymerase Chain Reaction for the Diagnosis of Pneumococcal Pneumonia in Young Children in the PERCH Study., Maria Deloria Knoll, Susan C Morpeth, J Anthony G Scott, Nora L Watson, Daniel E Park, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Daniel R Feikin, Laura L Hammitt, Stephen R C Howie, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Katherine L O'Brien, Donald M Thea, Dilruba Ahmed, Martin Antonio, Juliet O Awori, Vicky L Baillie, James Chipeta, Andrea N Deluca, Michel Dione, Amanda J Driscoll, Melissa M Higdon, Anchalee Jatapai, Ruth A Karron, Razib Mazumder, David P Moore, James Mwansa, Sammy Nyongesa, Christine Prosperi, Phil Seidenberg, Duangkamon Siludjai, Samba O Sow, Boubou Tamboura, Scott L Zeger, David R Murdoch, and Shabir A Madhi

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Safety of Induced Sputum Collection in Children Hospitalized With Severe or Very Severe Pneumonia., Andrea N DeLuca, Laura L Hammitt, Julia Kim, Melissa M Higdon, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Stephen R C Howie, Maria Deloria Knoll, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Shabir A Madhi, David R Murdoch, J Anthony G Scott, Donald M Thea, Tussanee Amornintapichet, Juliet O Awori, Somchai Chuananon, Amanda J Driscoll, Bernard E Ebruke, Lokman Hossain, Yasmin Jahan, E Wangeci Kagucia, Sidi Kazungu, David P Moore, Azwifarwi Mudau, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Daniel E Park, Christine Prosperi, Phil Seidenberg, Mamadou Sylla, Milagritos D Tapia, Syed M A Zaman, and Katherine L O'Brien

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Safety of Induced Sputum Collection in Children Hospitalized With Severe or Very Severe Pneumonia., Andrea N DeLuca, Laura L Hammitt, Julia Kim, Melissa M Higdon, Henry C Baggett, Daniel E Park, and +several additional authors

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For Many Served By The Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, Disparities In Viral Suppression Decreased, 2010-14., Rupali K Doshi, John Milberg, Theresa Jumento, Tracy Matthews, Antigone Dempsey, and Laura W Cheever

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The Effect of Antibiotic Exposure and Specimen Volume on the Detection of Bacterial Pathogens in Children With Pneumonia., Amanda J Driscoll, Maria Deloria Knoll, Laura L Hammitt, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Daniel R Feikin, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Shabir A Madhi, Katherine L O'Brien, J Anthony G Scott, Donald M Thea, Stephen R C Howie, Peter V Adrian, Dilruba Ahmed, Andrea N DeLuca, Bernard E Ebruke, Caroline Gitahi, Melissa M Higdon, Anek Kaewpan, Angela Karani, Ruth A Karron, Razib Mazumder, Jessica McLellan, David P Moore, Lawrence Mwananyanda, Daniel E Park, Christine Prosperi, Julia Rhodes, Md Saifullah, Phil Seidenberg, Samba O Sow, Boubou Tamboura, Scott L Zeger, and David R Murdoch

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RE: The Association of Dyslipidemia With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: A Population-Based Study., Eric A Engels, Ruth Parsons, Caroline Besson, Lindsay M Morton, Elizabeth L Yanik, Hannah Arem, and Ruth M Pfeiffer

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Clinical Trials Targeting Aging and Age-Related Multimorbidity., Mark A Espeland, Eileen M Crimmins, Brandon R Grossardt, Jill P Crandall, Jonathan A L Gelfond, Tamara B Harris, Stephen B Kritchevsky, JoAnn E Manson, Jennifer G Robinson, Walter A Rocca, Marinella Temprosa, Fridtjof Thomas, Robert Wallace, and Nir Barzilai

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Chest Radiograph Findings in Childhood Pneumonia Cases From the Multisite PERCH Study., Nicholas Fancourt, Maria Deloria Knoll, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Daniel R Feikin, Laura L Hammitt, Stephen R C Howie, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Shabir A Madhi, David R Murdoch, J Anthony G Scott, Donald M Thea, Juliet O Awori, Breanna Barger-Kamate, James Chipeta, Andrea N DeLuca, Mahamadou Diallo, Amanda J Driscoll, Bernard E Ebruke, Melissa M Higdon, Yasmin Jahan, Ruth A Karron, Nasreen Mahomed, David P Moore, Kamrun Nahar, Sathapana Naorat, Micah Silaba Ominde, Daniel E Park, Christine Prosperi, Somwe Wa Somwe, Somsak Thamthitiwat, Syed M A Zaman, Scott L Zeger, and Katherine L O'Brien

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Associations of Cumulative Pb Exposure and Longitudinal Changes in Mini-Mental Status Exam Scores, Global Cognition and Domains of Cognition: The VA Normative Aging Study., Zishaan Farooqui, Kelly M Bakulski, Melinda C Power, Marc G Weisskopf, David Sparrow, Avron Spiro, Pantel S Vokonas, Linda H Nie, Howard Hu, and Sung Kyun Park

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Is Higher Viral Load in the Upper Respiratory Tract Associated With Severe Pneumonia? Findings From the PERCH Study., Daniel R Feikin, Wei Fu, Daniel E Park, Qiyuan Shi, Melissa M Higdon, Henry C Baggett, and +several additional authors

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Characterization of Differences Between Prostate Cancer Patients Presenting With De Novo Versus Primary Progressive Metastatic Disease., Antoine Finianos, Kanika Gupta, Brandon Clark, Samuel J Simmens, and Jeanny B Aragon-Ching

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Effects of Empagliflozin on Risk for Cardiovascular Death and Heart Failure Hospitalization Across the Spectrum of Heart Failure Risk in the EMPA-REG OUTCOME® Trial., David Fitchett, Javed Butler, Philippe van de Borne, Bernard Zinman, John M Lachin, Christoph Wanner, Hans J Woerle, Stefan Hantel, Jyothis T George, Odd Erik Johansen, and Silvio E Inzucchi

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Assessment of a New Lower-Cost Real-Time PCR Assay for Detection of High-Risk Human Papillomavirus: Useful for Cervical Screening in Limited-Resource Settings?, Joel Fokom Domgue, Mark Schiffman, Nicolas H Wentzensen, Julia C Gage, Philip E Castle, Tina R Raine-Bennett, Barbara Fetterman, Thomas Lorey, Nancy E Poitras, Brian Befano, Yi Xie, Lais S Miachon, and Michael Dean

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Assessment of a New Lower-Cost Real-Time PCR Detection Assay for High-Risk HPV: Useful for Cervical Screening in Limited Resource Settings?, Joel Fokom Domgue, Mark Schiffman, Nicolas H Wentzensen, Julia C Gage, Philip E Castle, Tina R Raine-Bennett, Barbara Fetterman, Thomas Lorey, Nancy E Poitras, Brian Befano, Yi Xie, Lais S Miachon, and Michael Dean

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Persistent Organic Pollutants and Mortality in the United States, NHANES 1999-2011., Kristiann Fry and Melinda C Power

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Characteristics of Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C.: Geographic Diversity in Socio-Demographics and HIV Transmission Risk., Danielle German, Kathleen Brady, Irene Kuo, Jenevieve Opoku, Colin Flynn, Rudy Patrick, Ju Nyeong Park, Joella Adams, Makeda Carroll, Ron Simmons, Carlton R Smith, and Wendy W Davis

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Characteristics of Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C.: Geographic Diversity in Socio-Demographics and HIV Transmission Risk., Danielle German, Kathleen Brady, Irene Kuo, Jenevieve Opoku, Colin Flynn, Rudy Patrick, Ju Nyeong Park, Joella Adams, Makeda Carroll, Ron Simmons, Carlton R Smith, and Wendy W Davis

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Characteristics of Black Men Who Have Sex With Men in Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C.: Geographic Diversity in Socio-Demographics and HIV Transmission Risk., Danielle German, Kathleen Brady, Irene Kuo, Jenevieve Opoku, Colin Flynn, Rudy Patrick, Ju Nyeong Park, Joella Adams, Makeda Carroll, Ron Simmons, Carlton R Smith, and Wendy W Davis

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Assessing Very Early Infant Diagnosis Turnaround Times: Findings from a Birth Testing Pilot in Lesotho, Michelle Gill, Heather J. Hoffman, Majoalane Mokone, Vincent Tukei, Matsepeli Nchephe, and +several additional authors

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Understanding Antiretroviral Treatment Adherence Among HIV-Positive Women at Four Postpartum Time Intervals: Qualitative Results from the Kabeho Study in Rwanda., Michelle M Gill, Aline Umutoni, Heather J Hoffman, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Gilles F Ndayisaba, Solange Kibitenga, Placidie Mugwaneza, Anita Asiimwe, and Emily A Bobrow

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Effect of Long-term Metformin and Lifestyle in the Diabetes Prevention Program and its Outcome Study on Coronary Artery Calcium., Ronald B Goldberg, Vanita R Aroda, David A Bluemke, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Matthew J Budoff, Jill P Crandall, Dana Dabelea, Edward S Horton, Kieren J Mather, Trevor J Orchard, David Schade, Karol Watson, and Marinella Temprosa

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Unraveling the Epidemiology of Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection., Patti E Gravitt

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Fostering a Public Health of Consequence: Practical Skills and Lessons Learned., Alan E Greenberg

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Defining Failed Induction of Labor., William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Yinglei Lai, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, and Jorge E Tolosa

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The Association of Decision-to-Incision Time for Cesarean Delivery with Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes., William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Grecio Sandoval, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George R Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, and Jorge E Tolosa

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The Risk of Severe Hypoglycemia in Type 1 Diabetes Over 30 Years of Follow-up in the DCCT/EDIC Study., Rose A Gubitosi-Klug, Barbara H Braffett, Neil H White, Robert S Sherwin, F John Service, John M Lachin, and William V Tamborlane

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Effect of GLP-1 and GIP on C-peptide Secretion After Glucagon or Mixed Meal Tests: Significance in Assessing Beta Cell Function in Diabetes., C Guglielmi, R Del Toro, A Lauria, A R Maurizi, A Cappelli, S Angeletti, J M Lachin, and P Pozzilli

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Phase 2 Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Maraviroc-Containing Regimens to Prevent HIV Infection in Men Who Have Sex With Men (HPTN 069/ACTG A5305)., Roy M Gulick, Timothy J Wilkin, Ying Q Chen, Raphael J Landovitz, K Rivet Amico, Alicia M Young, Paul Richardson, Mark A Marzinke, Craig W Hendrix, Susan H Eshleman, Ian McGowan, Leslie M Cottle, Adriana Andrade, Cheryl Marcus, Karin L Klingman, Wairimu Chege, Alex R Rinehart, James F Rooney, Philip Andrew, Robert A Salata, Manya Magnus, Jason E Farley, Albert Liu, Ian Frank, Ken Ho, Jorge Santana, Joanne D Stekler, Marybeth McCauley, and Kenneth H Mayer

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Using the PMTCT Cascade to Accelerate Achievement of the Global Plan Goals., Elizabeth Hamilton, Bernard Bossiky, John Ditekemena, Godfrey Esiru, Franck Fwamba, Ameena E Goga, Mary Pat Kieffer, Landry D Tsague, Roland van de Ven, Rose Wafula, and Laura Guay

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A Review of Methods for Measuring β-Cell Function: Design Considerations from the Restoring Insulin Secretion (RISE) Consortium., T S Hannon, S E Kahn, K M Utschneider, T A Bucahan, K J Nadeau, P Zeitler, D A Ehrmann, S A Arslanian, S Caprio, S L Edelstein, P J Savage, and K J Mather

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Impact of Lifestyle and Metformin Interventions on the Risk of Progression to Diabetes and Regression to Normal Glucose Regulation in Overweight or Obese People With Impaired Glucose Regulation., William H Herman, Qing Pan, Sharon L Edelstein, Kieren J Mather, Leigh Perreault, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Dana M Dabelea, Edward Horton, Steven E Kahn, William C Knowler, Carlos Lorenzo, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Elizabeth Venditti, and Wen Ye

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Should Controls With Respiratory Symptoms Be Excluded From Case-Control Studies of Pneumonia Etiology? Reflections From the PERCH Study., Melissa M Higdon, Laura L Hammitt, Maria Deloria Knoll, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Stephen R C Howie, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Shabir A Madhi, David R Murdoch, J Anthony G Scott, Donald M Thea, Amanda J Driscoll, Ruth A Karron, Daniel E Park, Christine Prosperi, Scott L Zeger, Katherine L O'Brien, and Daniel R Feikin

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Association of C-Reactive Protein With Bacterial and Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Associated Pneumonia Among Children Aged <5 Years in the PERCH>Study., Melissa M Higdon, Tham Le, Katherine L O'Brien, David R Murdoch, Christine Prosperi, Henry C Baggett, Daniel E Park, and +several additional authors

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Cancer-Specific Mortality, Cure Fraction, and Noncancer Causes of Death Among Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Patients in the Immunochemotherapy Era., Nadia Howlader, Angela B Mariotto, Caroline Besson, Gita Suneja, Kim Robien, Naji Younes, and Eric A Engels

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Flexible Risk Prediction Models for Left or Interval-Censored Data From Electronic Health Records, N Hyun, L C. Cheung, Qing Pan, M Schiffman, and H A. Katki

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How Does Empagliflozin Reduce Cardiovascular Mortality? Insights From a Mediation Analysis of the EMPA-REG OUTCOME Trial., Silvio E Inzucchi, Bernard Zinman, David Fitchett, Christoph Wanner, Ele Ferrannini, Martin Schumacher, Claudia Schmoor, Kristin Ohneberg, Odd Erik Johansen, Jyothis T George, Stefan Hantel, Erich Bluhmki, and John M Lachin

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Reduced Levels and Bioactivity of Endogenous Protease Cathepsin D in Genital Tract Secretions of Postmenopausal Women., Mariel Jais, Naji Younes, Stacey Chapman, Susan Cu-Uvin, and Mimi Ghosh

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Prediagnostic Body Mass Index Trajectories in Relation to Prostate Cancer Incidence and Mortality in the PLCO Cancer Screening Trial., Scott P Kelly, Barry I Graubard, Gabriella Andreotti, Naji Younes, Sean D Cleary, and Michael B Cook

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Trends in the Incidence of Fatal Prostate Cancer in the United States by Race., Scott P Kelly, Philip S Rosenberg, William F Anderson, Gabriella Andreotti, Naji Younes, Sean D Cleary, and Michael B Cook

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Changes in Visceral Adiposity, Subcutaneous Adiposity, and Sex Hormones in the Diabetes Prevention Program., Catherine Kim, Dana Dabelea, Rita R Kalyani, Costas A Christophi, George A Bray, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Christine H Darwin, Swaytha Yalamanchi, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Sherita Hill Golden, and Edward J Boyko