Parasites and Vectors
Human hookworm larvae arrest development until they enter an appropriate host. This makes it difficult to access the larvae for studying larval development or host-parasite interactions. While there are in vivo and in vitro animal models of human hookworm infection, there is currently no human, in vitro model. While animal models have provided much insight into hookworm biology, there are limitations to how closely this can replicate human infection. Therefore, we have developed a human, in vitro model of the initial phase of hookworm infection using intestinal epithelial cell culture.
Co-culture of the human hookworm Ancylostoma ceylanicum with the mucus-secreting, human intestinal epithelial cell line HT-29-MTX resulted in activation of infective third-stage larvae, as measured by resumption of feeding. Larvae were maximally activated by direct contact with fully differentiated HT-29-MTX intestinal epithelial cells. HT-29-MTX cells treated with A. ceylanicum larvae showed differential gene expression of several immunity-related genes.
Co-culture with HT-29-MTX can be used to activate A. ceylanicum larvae. This provides an opportunity to study the interaction of activated larvae with the human intestinal epithelium.
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Feather, C., Hawdon, J. M., & March, J. (2017). Ancylostoma ceylanicum infective third-stage larvae are activated by co-culture with HT-29-MTX intestinal epithelial cells. Parasites and Vectors, 10 (). http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2513-x