Behavioral consequences of visual deprivation and restriction in the golden hamster
Hamsters reared in total darkness and animals reared in a stroboscopic environment required more trials to attain criterion performance on a visual pattern discrimination than control animals. As a group, the strobe-reared hamsters needed a significantly greater number of trials than the dark-reared animals to master this discrimination. In addition, the response latencies on correct responses were longer for dark-reared animals than for the other two groups. These behavioral results were related to our previous electrophysiological studies dealing with the role of visual experience in the functional organization of the hamster's visual system. © 1978.
Chalupa, L., Morrow, A., & Rhoades, R. (1978). Behavioral consequences of visual deprivation and restriction in the golden hamster. Experimental Neurology, 61 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-4886(78)90259-5