Indocyanine green-nexturastat A-PLGA nanoparticles combine photothermal and epigenetic therapy for melanoma
Epigenetic therapy; HDAC inhibitors; Indocyanine green; Melanoma; Nexturastat A; Photothermal therapy; PLGA nanoparticles
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. In this study, we describe poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA)-based nanoparticles that combine photothermal therapy (PTT) with epigenetic therapy for melanoma. Specifically, we co-encapsulated indocyanine green (ICG), a PTT agent, and Nexturastat A (NextA), an epigenetic drug within PLGA nanoparticles (ICG-NextA-PLGA; INAPs). We hypothesized that combining PTT with epigenetic therapy elicits favorable cytotoxic and immunomodulatory responses that result in improved survival in melanoma-bearing mice. We utilized a nanoemulsion synthesis scheme to co-encapsulate ICG and NextA within stable and monodispersed INAPs. The INAPs exhibited concentration-dependent and near-infrared (NIR) laser power-dependent photothermal heating characteristics, and functioned as effective single-use agents for PTT of melanoma cells in vitro. The INAPs functioned as e_ective epigenetic therapy agents by inhibiting the expression of pan-histone deacetylase (HDAC) and HDAC6-specific activity in melanoma cells in vitro. When used for both PTT and epigenetic therapy in vitro, the INAPs increased the expression of co-stimulatory molecules and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) Class I in melanoma cells relative to controls. These advantages persisted in vivo in a syngeneic murine model of melanoma, where the combination therapy slowed tumor progression and improved median survival. These findings demonstrate the potential of INAPs as agents of PTT and epigenetic therapy for melanoma.
Ledezma, D., Balakrishnan, P., Cano-Mejia, J., Sweeney, E., Hadley, M., Bollard, C., Villagra, A., & Fernandes, R. (2020). Indocyanine green-nexturastat A-PLGA nanoparticles combine photothermal and epigenetic therapy for melanoma. Nanomaterials, 10 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano10010161