Type 1 diabetes and oral health: Findings from the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study
Journal of diabetes and its complications
Disease progression; Oral health outcomes; Periodontitis; Tooth loss; Type 1 diabetes
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term oral health outcomes and examine associations between sociodemographic factors, clinical characteristics, and markers of diabetes control on tooth loss in participants with type 1 diabetes enrolled in the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial/Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (DCCT/EDIC) study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Oral health outcomes related to tooth loss were reported at annual visits during EDIC years 22-26 (2015-2019). Generalized estimating equation models were used to assess the association of individual risk factors and tooth loss, over repeated time points. RESULTS: A total of 165 (17%) participants with type 1 diabetes reported 221 oral health outcomes related to tooth loss over a five-year period. After controlling for age and current tobacco use, the presence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy was significantly associated with an increased odds of tooth loss (OR = 1.88, 95% CI 1.24, 2.87) while higher mean HDL/LDL cholesterol ratio was significantly associated with a decreased odds of tooth loss (OR = 0.87, 95% CI = 0.79, 0.97). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that diabetes-related complications, either resulting from or independent of poor glycemia, may be directly associated with oral health conditions, and support the need for individuals with type 1 diabetes and providers to implement lifestyle and medical interventions to reduce oral health risks.
Steigmann, Larissa; Miller, Ryan; Trapani, Victoria R.; Giannobile, William V.; Braffett, Barbara H.; Pop-Busui, Rodica; Lorenzi, Gayle; Herman, William H.; and Sarma, Aruna V., "Type 1 diabetes and oral health: Findings from the Epidemiology of Diabetes Interventions and Complications (EDIC) study" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 412.