Safety and efficacy of eblasakimab, an interleukin 13 receptor α1 monoclonal antibody, in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis: A phase 1b, multiple-ascending dose study

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology




EASI; IL-13; IL-4; atopic dermatitis; eblasakimab; moderate-to-severe AD; pruritus; type 2 inflammation


BACKGROUND: Eblasakimab, an interleukin (IL)-13 receptor α1 antagonist, blocks IL-4 and IL-13 signaling through the type 2 receptor. OBJECTIVE: The safety and efficacy of eblasakimab was evaluated in adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: In this phase 1b randomized, double-blinded study, 52 patients with moderate-to-severe AD received weekly subcutaneous injections of eblasakimab 200, 400, or 600 mg, or placebo for 8 weeks. Primary outcome was the incidence of treatment-emergent adverse events. Secondary outcomes included percentage change in the Eczema Area and Severity Index from baseline; Eczema Area and Severity Index improvement of at least 50%, 75%, or 90% from baseline; and percentage change in the peak-pruritus numeric rating scale score from baseline. RESULTS: Treatment-emergent adverse events were reported in 47% placebo and 71% eblasakimab patients; most were considered mild or moderate and did not lead to study discontinuation. At week 8 eblasakimab 600 mg showed statistically significant improvement in mean percentage change in Eczema Area and Severity Index versus placebo (-65% vs -27%, P = .014). Other key secondary physician- and patient-reported end points were met. LIMITATIONS: Longer studies are required to confirm eblasakimab safety and efficacy in AD patients. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe AD with eblasakimab was well-tolerated and associated with significant clinical improvements versus placebo.