Perioperative Management of Pediatric Patients with Moyamoya Arteriopathy
Journal of pediatric intensive care
moyamoya; pediatrics; perioperative; stroke
Pediatric patients with moyamoya arteriopathy are at high risk for developing new onset transient or permanent neurologic deficits secondary to cerebral hypoperfusion, particularly in the perioperative period. It is therefore essential to carefully manage these patients in a multidisciplinary, coordinated effort to reduce the risk of new permanent neurologic deficits. However, little has been published on perioperative management of pediatric patients with moyamoya, particularly in the early postoperative period during intensive care unit admission. Our pediatric neurocritical care team sought to create a multidisciplinary periprocedural evidence- and consensus-based care pathway for high-risk pediatric patients with moyamoya arteriopathy undergoing anesthesia for any reason to decrease the incidence of periprocedural stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). We reviewed the literature to identify risk factors associated with perioperative stroke or TIA among patients with moyamoya and to gather data supporting specific perioperative management strategies. A multidisciplinary team from pediatric anesthesia, neurocritical care, nursing, child life, neurosurgery, interventional neuroradiology, neurology, and hematology created a care pathway for children with moyamoya undergoing anesthesia, classifying them as either high or standard risk, and applying an individualized perioperative management plan to high-risk patients. The incidence of neurologic sequelae before and after pathway implementation will be compared in future studies.
Gardner Yelton, Sarah E.; Williams, Monica A.; Young, Mollie; Fields, Jennifer; Pearl, Monica S.; Casella, James F.; Lawrence, Courtney E.; Felling, Ryan J.; Jackson, Eric M.; Robertson, Courtney; Scafidi, Susanna; Lee, Jennifer K.; Cohen, Alan R.; and Sun, Lisa R., "Perioperative Management of Pediatric Patients with Moyamoya Arteriopathy" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 3484.