Controversial Dietary Patterns: A High Yield Primer for Clinicians


Monica Aggarwal, Division of Cardiology, University of Florida, Gainesville. Electronic address:
Emilio Ros, Lipid Clinic, Endocrinology and Nutrition Service, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Hospital Clínic, Barcelona and Ciber Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Barcelona, Spain.
Kathleen Allen, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, NH.
Geeta Sikand, Heart Disease Prevention Program, University of California Irvine.
Anandita Agarwala, Cardiovascular Division, Baylor Scott and White the Heart Hospital - Plano, Texas.
Karen Aspry, Division of Cardiology, Lifespan Cardiovascular Institute, East Providence, RI; Brown University, Providence, RI.
Penny Kris-Etherton, Department of Nutritional Sciences, Penn State University, University Park, Pa.
Stephen Devries, Gaples Institute for Integrative Cardiology, Deerfield, Ill; Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill.
Koushik Reddy, Division of Cardiology, James A Haley VA Medical Center, University of South Florida, Tampa.
Tamanna Singh, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Heart, Vascular, Thoracic Institute Cleveland Clinic, Ohio.
Sheldon E. Litwin, Division of Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston; Division of Cardiology, Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC.
James O' Keefe, Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, Mo.
Michael Miller, Division of Cardiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore.
Bruce Andrus, Division of Cardiology, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH.
Ron Blankstein, Division of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass.
Columbus Batiste, Division of Cardiology, Kaiser Permanente Riverside Medical Center, Charleston, SC.
Danielle Belardo, Institute of Plant-Based Medicine, Newport Beach, Calif.
Christopher Wenger, Division of Cardiology, WellSpan Health, York, Pa.
Travis Batts, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, San Antonio, Texas.
Neal D. Barnard, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC; Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, Washington, DC.
Beth A. White, Division of Cardiology Marshall Health, Joan C. Edward School of Medicine, Huntington, WV.
Dean Ornish, Preventive Medicine Research Institute, Sausalito, Calif; University of California, San Francisco.
Kim A. Williams, Division of Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Ill.
Robert J. Ostfeld, Division of Cardiology, Montefiore Health System, Bronx, NY.
Andrew M. Freeman, Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colo.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



The American journal of medicine




Cardiovascular disease; Diet; Dietary patterns; Education; Heart disease; Nutrition


In cardiology clinic visits, the discussion of optimal dietary patterns for prevention and management of cardiovascular disease is usually very limited. Herein, we explore the benefits and risks of various dietary patterns, including intermittent fasting, low carbohydrate, Paleolithic, whole food plant-based diet, and Mediterranean dietary patterns within the context of cardiovascular disease to empower clinicians with the evidence and information they need to maximally benefit their patients.