Acceptability of intramuscular injection of tranexamic acid in postpartum hemorrhage prevention

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



AJOG global reports








intramuscular; intravenous; postpartum hemorrhage; subcutaneous; tranexamic acid


BACKGROUND: Newer research comparing routes of medication administration has extended beyond efficacy as a primary endpoint to incorporate patient preference. However, little is known about the preferences of pregnant women in terms of routes of medication administration, specifically with regards to hemorrhage prevention and control. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand the preferences of pregnant women in terms of medical interventions to prevent hemorrhage at the time of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Surveys were distributed from April 2022 to September 2022 using electronic tablets at a single urban center with an annual delivery volume of 3000 women per year to women >18 years of age who were either currently pregnant or have been pregnant in the past. Subjects were asked to choose their preferred route of administration from the following options: intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous. The primary outcome was patient preference on the route of medication administration during a hemorrhage event. RESULTS: The study cohort included 300 patients, mostly African American (39.8%) followed by White (32.1%), and the majority of the participants ranged from 30 to 34 years of age (31.7%). When asked which method of administration they would prefer to prevent hemorrhage before birth, the results were as follows: 31.1% would prefer intravenous, 23.0% had no preference, 21.2% were unsure, 15.9% preferred subcutaneous, and 8.8% preferred intramuscular administration. In addition, 69.4% of respondents reported that they have never declined or avoided intramuscular administration of medication if recommended by their physician. CONCLUSION: Although some survey participants preferred an intravenous route of administration, 68.9% of subjects were unsure, had no preference, or preferred nonintravenous routes. This information is helpful particularly in low-resource settings where intravenous treatments are not readily available or in urgent clinical situations in which intravenous administration routes are not easily obtainable in high-risk patients.


Obstetrics and Gynecology