A uniform strategy of primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot: Transventricular approach results in low reoperation rate in the first decade
The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
primary full repair; tetralogy of Fallot; transventricular approach
OBJECTIVES: To review outcomes after a uniform strategy of transventricular repair of tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS: A total of 244 consecutive patients underwent transventricular primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot from 2004 to 2019. Median age at operation was 71 days; 57 (23%) patients were premature; 57 (23%) patients had low birth weight (<2.5 kg), and 40 (16%) had genetic syndromes. The diameter of pulmonary valve annulus, right pulmonary artery (PA), and left PA were 6.0 ± 1.8 mm (z score, -1.7 ± 1.3), 4.3 ± 1.4 mm (z score, -0.9 ± 1.2) and 4.1 ± 1.5 mm (z score, -0.5 ± 1.3). RESULTS: Three (1.2%) operative deaths were recorded. Ninety patients (37%) underwent transannular patching. Postoperative echocardiographic peak right ventricular outflow tract gradient decreased from 72 ± 27 mm Hg to 21 ± 16 mm Hg. Median intensive care unit and hospital stay were 3 and 7 days. The survival rate at 10 years was 94.6% ± 1.8%. Reintervention was required 86 times (55 catheter interventions) in 56 patients following tetralogy of Fallot repair. The freedom from all-cause reintervention rate at 10 years was 70.5% ± 3.6%. Cyanotic spells (hazard ratio, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.22-3.90; P < .01) and smaller pulmonary valve annulus z score (hazard ratio, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.01-1.59; P = .04) were associated with increasing risk of all reinterventions. Freedom from redo surgery for right ventricular outflow tract obstruction and right ventricular dilatation at 10 years were, respectively, 85.0% ± 3.1% and 98.7% ± 0.9%. Freedom from valve implantation was 96.7% ± 1.5% at 10 years. CONCLUSIONS: A uniform strategy of primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot through a transventricular approach resulted in low reoperation rate in the first decade. The need of pulmonary valve implantation was limited to <4% at 10 years.
Henmi, Soichiro; Ryan, Julia A.; Mehta, Rittal; Haverty, Mitchell C.; Hovis, Ian W.; Puente, Bao Nguyen; Ozturk, Mahmut; Desai, Manan; Tongut, Aybala; Yerebakan, Can; and d'Udekem, Yves, "A uniform strategy of primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot: Transventricular approach results in low reoperation rate in the first decade" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 2736.