Methotrexate for inflammatory skin disease in pediatric patients: Consensus treatment guidelines
adolescent; child; guideline; infant; methotrexate
Methotrexate (MTX) is a readily accessible drug, first used in 1948 and employed for a wide variety of indications since then. However, despite widespread off-label use, FDA labeling does not include approved indications for the use of MTX for many inflammatory skin diseases in pediatric patients, including morphea, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, and alopecia areata, among others. Without published treatment guidelines, some clinicians may be hesitant to use MTX off-label, or uncomfortable prescribing MTX in this population. To address this unmet need, an expert consensus committee was convened to develop evidence- and consensus-based guidelines for use of MTX to treat pediatric inflammatory skin disease. Clinicians with experience and expertise in clinical research, drug development, and treating inflammatory skin disease in pediatric patients with MTX were recruited. Five committees were created based on major topic areas: (1) indications and contraindications, (2) dosing, (3) interactions with immunizations and medications, (4) adverse effects (potential for and management of), and (5) monitoring needs. Pertinent questions were generated and addressed by the relevant committee. The entire group participated in a modified Delphi process to establish agreement on recommendations for each question. The committee developed 46 evidence- and consensus-based recommendations, each with >70% agreement among members, across all five topics. These are presented in tables and text, along with a discussion of supporting literature, and level of evidence. These evidence- and consensus-based recommendations will support safe and effective use of MTX for the underserved population of pediatric patients who may benefit from this valuable, time-honored medication.
Siegfried, Elaine C.; Arkin, Lisa M.; Chiu, Yvonne E.; Hebert, Adelaide A.; Callen, Jeffrey P.; Castelo-Soccio, Leslie; Co, Dominic O.; Cordoro, Kelly M.; Curran, Megan L.; Dalrymple, Austin M.; Flohr, Carsten; Gordon, Ken B.; Hanna, Diane; Irvine, Alan D.; Kim, Susan; Kirkorian, A Yasmine; Lara-Corrales, Irene; Lindstrom, Jill; Paller, Amy S.; Reyes, Melissa; Begolka, Wendy Smith; Tom, Wynnis L.; Van Voorhees, Abby S.; Vleugels, Ruth Ann; Lee, Lara Wine; Davies, Olivia M.; and Brandling-Bennett, Heather A., "Methotrexate for inflammatory skin disease in pediatric patients: Consensus treatment guidelines" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 2721.