Fake-news-free evidence-based communication for proper vein-lymphatic disease management


Sergio Gianesini, Department of Translational Medicine, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy - gnssrg@unife.it.
Yung-Wei Chi, University of California Davis, Sacramento, CA, USA.
Chantal Agüero, Panamerican Society of Phlebology and Lymphology, Asunción, Paraguay.
Deena Alqedrah, Dubai Health Authority-University of Sharjah, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Miguel Amore, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Mohammad Barbati, RWTH University Hospital of Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
Adriana Baturone, University Hospital of Guadalajara, Guadalajara, Spain.
Stephen Black, Guy's & St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
Denis Borsuk, Clinic of Phlebology and Laser Surgery (Vasculab LLC), Chelyabinsk, Russia.
Oscar Bottini, German Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Joseph Caprini, NorthShore University, Chicago, IL, USA.
Marylin Chamo, Guatemala Society of Phlebology, Guatemala City, Guatemala.
Meena Cherian, Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Geneve, Switzerland.
Larisa Chernuka, O.O. Shalimov National Institute of Surgery and Transplantology, Kiev, Ukraine.
Marianne DE Maeseneer, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
Josè Diaz, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.
Mark J. Garcia, Endovascular Consultants, Wilmington, NC, USA.
Kathleen Gibson, Lake Washington Vascular Surgeons, Seattle, WA, USA.
Monika Gloviczki, Vascular Science & Art, Scottsdale, AZ, USA.
Peter Gloviczki, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
Veronika Golovina, Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.
Elena Goranova, Alexandrovska University Medical Center, Sofia, Bulgaria.
Lorena Grillo, UCIMED University of Medical Sciences, San José, Costa Rica.
Adam Gwozdz, Imperial College of London, London, UK.
Tobias Hirsch, Vein Competency Center, Halle, Germany.
Emad Hussein, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Ernesto Intriago, University Espíritu Santo, Guayaquil, Ecuador.
Houman Jalaie, RWTH University Hospital of Aachen, Aachen, Germany.
Aleksandra Jaworucka-Kaczorowska, Jaworuccy Medical Center, Gorzów Wlkp, Poland.
Ravul Jindal, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India.
Matthieu Josnin, French Society of Phlebology, Paris, France.
Neil M. Khilnani, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York Presbiterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA.

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



International angiology : a journal of the International Union of Angiology








Published scientific evidence demonstrate the current spread of healthcare misinformation in the most popular social networks and unofficial communication channels. Up to 40% of the medical websites were identified reporting inappropriate information, moreover being shared more than 450,000 times in a 5-year-time frame. The phenomenon is particularly spread in infective diseases medicine, oncology and cardiovascular medicine. The present document is the result of a scientific and educational endeavor by a worldwide group of top experts who selected and analyzed the major issues and related evidence-based facts on vein and lymphatic management. A section of this work is entirely dedicated to the patients and therefore written in layman terms, with the aim of improving public vein-lymphatic awareness. The part dedicated to the medical professionals includes a revision of the current literature, summing up the statements that are fully evidence-based in venous and lymphatic disease management, and suggesting future lines of research to fulfill the still unmet needs. The document has been written following an intense digital interaction among dedicated working groups, leading to an institutional project presentation during the Universal Expo in Dubai, in the occasion of the v-WINter 2022 meeting.