Incivility in medical education: a scoping review
BMC medical education
Abuse; Bullying; Discrimination; Faculty; Harassment; Incivility; Medical education; Medical school; Residency; Residents
Incivility in the workplace, school and political system in the United States has permeated mass and social media in recent years and has also been recognized as a detrimental factor in medical education. In this scoping review, we use the term incivility to encompass a spectrum of behaviors that occur across the continuum of medical education, and which include verbal abuse including rude or dismissive conduct, sexual and racial harassment and discrimination, and sexual and physical assault. We identified research on incivility involving medical students, residents and fellows, and faculty in North America to describe multiple aspects of incivility in medical education settings published since 2000. Our results reinforce that incivility is likely under-reported across the continuum of medical education and also confirmed incidences of incivility involving nursing personnel and patients, not emphasized in previous reviews. The authors suggest a zero-tolerance national policy if this problem is to be resolved.
Abate, Laura E. and Greenberg, Larrie, "Incivility in medical education: a scoping review" (2023). GW Authored Works. Paper 2276.