Treatment patterns and unmet needs in adults with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A modified Delphi consensus study
Frontiers in endocrinology
classic CAH; classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia; glucocorticoid management; treatment complication; unmet needs
BACKGROUND: Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by cortisol deficiency and excess androgen production. The current standard of care is glucocorticoid (GC) therapy, and sometimes mineralocorticoids, to replace endogenous cortisol deficiency; however, supraphysiologic GC doses are usually needed to reduce excess androgen production. Monitoring/titrating GC treatment remains a major challenge, and there is no agreement on assessment of treatment adequacy. This study surveyed expert opinions on current treatment practices and unmet needs in adults with classic CAH. METHODS: A modified two-round Delphi process with adult endocrinologists was conducted online questionnaire. Survey questions were organized into three categories: practice characteristics/CAH experience, GC management, and unmet needs/complications. Anonymized aggregate data from Round 1 were provided as feedback for Round 2. Responses from both rounds were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Consensus was defined as: full consensus (100%, n=9/9); near consensus (78% to <100%, n=7/9 or 8/9); no consensus (<78%, n<7/9). RESULTS: The same nine panelists participated in both survey rounds; five (56%) were based in North America and four (44%) in Europe. Most panelists (78%) used hydrocortisone in the majority of patients, but two (22%) preferred prednisone/prednisolone. Panelists agreed (89%) that adequate control is best evaluated using a balance of clinical presentation and androgen/precursor laboratory values; no consensus was reached on optimal timing of collecting samples for androgen testing or laboratory values indicating good control. Despite lack of consensus on many aspects of CAH management, panelists agreed on the importance of many disease- and GC-related complications, and that there is a large unmet need for new treatments. With currently available treatments, panelists reported that 46% of classic CAH patients did not have optimized androgen levels, regardless of GC dose. CONCLUSIONS: The limited areas of consensus obtained in this study reflect the variability in treatment practices for adults with classic CAH, even among clinicians with expertise in treating this population. However, all panelists agreed on the need for new treatments for classic CAH and the importance of many disease- and GC-related complications, which are difficult to manage with currently available treatments.
Auchus, Richard J.; Courtillot, Carine; Dobs, Adrian; El-Maouche, Diala; Falhammar, Henrik; Lacroix, Andre; Farrar, Mallory; O'Donoghue, Conor; Anatchkova, Milena; Cutts, Katelyn; Taylor, Natalie; Yonan, Chuck; Lamotte, Mark; and Touraine, Philippe, "Treatment patterns and unmet needs in adults with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia: A modified Delphi consensus study" (2022). GW Authored Works. Paper 1922.