Document Type


Publication Date



Community Health Workers (CHWs) have been gaining attention from policymakers because of their unique role in addressing health disparities and socioeconomic drivers of disease, and because of their potential integration into the health care delivery system. To date, there has been limited research specifically describing the variation in CHWs’ roles and relationships, and how that variation relates to management, to financing, to health system integration, and to the competencies CHWs should have in different contexts.

This report provides a snapshot of the varied landscape of CHW programs to better understand how CHWs are integrating with the health system both in terms of the structural elements of these programs, and the relational elements of CHW-health system interaction that make integrated models succeed. Authors suggest that there is no blueprint for success; rather, there are certain unifying structural elements of various integration types, and certain useful mechanisms that enable the preservation of the CHW concept.


Executive summary and poster are available for download.

This study has been published in: Malcarney M, Pittman P, Quigley L, Horton K, Seiler N. 2017. The Changing Roles of Community Health Workers. Health Services Research, 52(S1): 360-382. doi: 10.1111/1475-6773.12657

Open Access


Community exec summary.pdf (257 kB)
Executive Summary

community poster.pdf (145 kB)
Poster presented at the AcademyHealth 2016 Annual Research Meeting

Find in your library



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.