Vaccines; Low-Income Populations
Immunizations represent both basic clinical care as well as an essential public health activity with population-wide health implications, and for a number of reasons, the focus on national immunization policy has intensified in recent years. Insurers and employee health plans may cover immunization services as a matter of benefit design choice. Federal and state insurance laws also may mandate coverage of one or more classes of immunization services. For approximately 100 million persons who are members of state-regulated health insurance plans, state law plays a primary role in determining coverage. Thus the extent of state immunization health insurance mandates is essential in examining the overall adequacy of health insurance financing for immunization services.
This analysis is part of a comprehensive study of the "epidemiology" of U.S. immunization law. It provides a detailed assessment of state immunization statutes in force as of winter 2003.
Rosenbaum, S., Stewart, A., Cox, M., & Mitchell, S. (2003). The epidemiology of U.S. immunization law: Mandated coverage of immunizations under state health insurance laws. Washington, D.C.: Center for Health Services Research and Policy, Department of Health Policy, School of Public Health and Health Services, The George Washington University.