Practice patterns regarding regional corticosteroid treatment in noninfectious Uveitis: a survey study
Noninfectious uveitis; Pediatrics; Practice patterns; Regional corticosteroids; Survey study
Background: Regional corticosteroid therapy for noninfectious uveitis is well-established but usage patterns have not been studied extensively. This study aims to assess practice patterns of retina and uveitis specialists regarding their preferences on the use of local corticosteroid therapy. Methods: A 13-question survey was developed regarding the practice patterns of regional corticosteroid use in specific situations and populations. The survey was distributed to both the American Uveitis Society and Macula Society. Results: Responses from 87 ophthalmologists were analyzed. The two most commonly used drugs were the dexamethasone intravitreal implant (Ozurdex®) and posterior sub-tenon’s triamcinolone (also known as posterior sub-Tenon’s Kenalog, or PSTK). Regional corticosteroids were used more frequently as first-line treatment in more than half of posterior uveitis cases when compared to anterior uveitis (39.1–46.0% vs 10.3%, respectively). Respondents were more willing to use regional corticosteroids in more than half of unilateral uveitis cases than in bilateral cases (54.7% vs 18.6%, respectively). A majority of respondents (67.1%) stated that they would avoid using regional corticosteroids in patients under 8 years old. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate more frequent regional corticosteroid use in posterior segment uveitis, unilateral cases, and avoidance in younger pediatric patients. Overall, the variability in these responses highlights the need for guidelines regarding regional corticosteroid use.
Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection