Epidemiology of occupational injuries by nationality in Qatar: Evidence for focused occupational safety programmes
Fatal occupational injuries; Occupational injuries; Qatar; Trauma
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Introduction Occupational injuries are the second leading cause of trauma admission in Qatar. Given the wide diversity of the country's migrant worker populations at risk, this study aimed to analyse and describe the epidemiology of these injuries based on the workers nationality residing in Qatar. Methods A retrospective analysis of trauma registry data on occupational-related injuries was conducted. The analysis included all patients [aged ≥18 years] admitted to the Level I Hamad Trauma Center, from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2013. Results Out of 6555 trauma admissions, 2015 (30.7%) patients had occupational injury. The admitted Case Fatality Rate (CFR) was 4.3 per 100 occupational injury related trauma admissions. Overall non-fatal occupational injury rate was 37.34 per 100,000 workers, whereas fatal injury rate was 1.58 per 100,000 workers. Most of the workers experiencing occupational injuries were from Nepal (28%), India (20%) and Bangladesh (9%). Fatal occupational injuries were predominately among Indians (20%), Nepalese (19%), and Filipinos/Bangladeshis (both 8%). Filipinos had the highest admitted CFR at 8.2 deaths per 100 trauma admissions with the next highest being Indians and Indonesians (4.2 per 100 trauma admissions). During the study period, the incidence of severe occupational injuries decreased despite a simultaneous increase in the worker population within Qatar. Almost one in four occupational injuries was a major trauma (ISS 16). Nepalese and Indian workers represented 29% and 18% of all major trauma cases. Conclusions Non-fatal occupational injuries appear to follow a pattern distinct from fatal ones. High-risk worker populations as defined by those with high admitted CFRs, experiencing the most severe or fatal injuries, must be the focus of targeted risk factor analysis and occupational safety interventions.
Al-Thani, H., El-Menyar, A., Consunji, R., Mekkodathil, A., Peralta, R., Allen, K., & Hyder, A. (2015). Epidemiology of occupational injuries by nationality in Qatar: Evidence for focused occupational safety programmes. Injury, 46 (9). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2015.04.023