Title

Descriptive epidemiology of injury cases: findings from a pilot injury surveillance system in Abu Dhabi

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

4-2-2016

Journal

International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion

Volume

23

Issue

2

DOI

10.1080/17457300.2014.908225

Keywords

Abu Dhabi; injury; injury epidemiology; surveillance; trauma; UAE

Abstract

© 2014 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Considering the high burden of injuries, the Health Authority - Abu Dhabi developed a draft electronic and paper-based injury and poisoning notification system (IPNS) to generate better data on the nature and severity of injuries. The pilot testing and evaluation of IPNS was conducted with the specific objectives to (1) identify the characteristics of injury cases, (2) explore potential risk factors, (3) illustrate the nature and type of data, and (4) the working mechanism of data collection. Data were collected from selected hospitals on patient demographics, injury information and clinical assessment. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Of 4226 injury cases, nearly three-fourths were male, majority were non-UAE nationals, and the mean age was 21.9. Multivariate findings suggested that compared to UAE nationals, non-UAE nationals were 27% more likely to experience fatal, severe or moderate injuries (p = 0.01). Individuals with health insurance were 31% less likely to suffer a fatal, severe or moderate injury compared to those having no health insurance (p < 0.001). This is the first systematically standardised collection of injury data across three facilities in Abu Dhabi, and provides initial information on characteristics and injury risk factors that will help identify the need for evidence-based intervention for injury prevention and control.

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