Title

The VF-14: An Index of Functional Impairment in Patients With Cataract

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-1994

Journal

Archives of Ophthalmology

Volume

112

Issue

5

DOI

10.1001/archopht.1994.01090170074026

Abstract

Objective: To describe the development and the performance of a brief questionnaire designed to measure functional impairment caused by cataract (the VF-14). Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Patients were recruited between July 15 and December 15, 1991. Setting: Patients were recruited from the practices of 70 ophthalmologists, located in Columbus, Ohio (N=21), St Louis, Mo (N=26), and Houston, Tex (N=23). Patients: Seven hundred sixty-six patients undergoing cataract surgery for the first time. Main Outcome Measures: Preoperative best corrected visual acuity in each eye; scores on the VF-14, a new index of functional impairment in patients with cataract; patient reports of overall trouble and satisfaction with their vision; and scores on the Sickness Impact Profile, a measure of general health status. Results: The VF-14 has high internal consistency (Cronbach's α=.85) and correlates more strongly with the overall self-rating of the amount of trouble and satisfaction patients have with their vision than do several measures of visual acuity or the Sickness Impact Profile score. The VF-14 score is moderately correlated with visual acuity in the better eye. Conclusions: The VF-14 is a reliable and valid measure of functional impairment caused by cataract and provides information not conveyed by visual acuity or a general measure of health status. © 1994, American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

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