Consensus statements regarding the multidisciplinary care of limb amputation patients in disasters or humanitarian emergencies: Report of the 2011 humanitarian action summit surgical working group on amputations following disasters or conflict
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Amputation; Disaster medicine; Haiti; Humanitarian emergencies; Rehabilitation; Surgical burden of disease; Surgical standards
Limb amputations are frequently performed as a result of trauma inflicted during conflict or disasters. As demonstrated during the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, coordinating care of these patients in austere settings is complex. During the 2011 Humanitarian Action Summit, consensus statements were developed for international organizations providing care to limb amputation patients during disasters or humanitarian emergencies. Expanded planning is needed for a multidisciplinary surgical care team, inclusive of surgeons, anesthesiologists, rehabilitation specialists and mental health professionals. Surgical providers should approach amputation using an operative technique that optimizes limb length and prosthetic fitting. Appropriate anesthesia care involves both peri-operative and long-term pain control. Rehabilitation specialists must be involved early in treatment, ideally before amputation, and should educate the surgical team in prosthetic considerations. Mental health specialists must be included to help the patient with community reintegration. A key step in developing local health systemsis the establishment of surgical outcomes monitoring. Such monitoring can optimizepatient follow-up and foster professional accountability for the treatment of amputation patients in disaster settings and humanitarian emergencies. © Copyright Knowlton © World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine 2012.
Knowlton, L., Gosney, J., Chackungal, S., Altschuler, E., Black, L., Burkle, F., Casey, K., Crandell, D., Demey, D., Di Giacomo, L., Dohlman, L., Goldstein, J., Gosselin, R., Ikeda, K., Le Roy, A., Linden, A., Mullaly, C., & Nickerson, J. (2011). Consensus statements regarding the multidisciplinary care of limb amputation patients in disasters or humanitarian emergencies: Report of the 2011 humanitarian action summit surgical working group on amputations following disasters or conflict. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 26 (6). http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X12000076