Long-lasting permethrin-impregnated clothing protects against mosquito bites in outdoor workers
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Copyright © 2015 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Outdoor exposure to mosquitoes is a risk factor for many diseases, including malaria and dengue. We have previously shown that long-lasting permethrin-impregnated clothing protects against tick and chigger bites in a double-blind randomized controlled trial in North Carolina outdoor workers. Here, we evaluated whether this clothing is protective against mosquito bites by measuring changes in antibody titers to mosquito salivary gland extracts. On average, there was a 10-fold increase in titer during the spring and summer when mosquito exposure was likely to be the highest. During the first year of the study, the increase in titer in subjects wearing treated uniforms was 2- to 2.5-fold lower than that of control subjects. This finding suggests that long-lasting permethrin-impregnated clothing provided protection against mosquito bites.
Londono-Renteria, B., Patel, J., Vaughn, M., Funkhauser, S., Ponnusamy, L., Grippin, C., Jameson, S., Apperson, C., Mores, C., Wesson, D., Colpitts, T., & Meshnick, S. (2015). Long-lasting permethrin-impregnated clothing protects against mosquito bites in outdoor workers. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 93 (4). http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.15-0130