Mapping of specific and promiscuous HLA-DR-restricted T-cell epitopes on the plasmodium falciparum 27-kilodalton sexual stage-specific antigen
Infection and Immunity
We have characterized HLA-DR-restricted T-cell epitopes on the 27-kDa protein (Pfg27), a sexual stage-specific antigen, of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum in subjects with a history of malaria. Pfg27, expressed early in the sexual stages, is recognized by monoclonal antibodies capable of reducing the infectivity of gametocytes in mosquitoes. By using 16 Pfg27-specific CD4+-T-cell clones derived from three donors, seven different T-cell epitopes were identified. Among them, P11 (amino acids 191 to 210 of the Pfg27 sequence, IDVVDSYIIKPIPALPVTPD) was found to contain a previously described binding motif for multiple HLA-DR allotypes. Indeed, P11 was found to be promiscuous in that it could be recognized by T cells in the context of at least five different HLA-DR molecules. The cytokine profile of the clones was mixed. Seven of nine T-cell clones exhibited a Th0-like cytokine profile, producing high levels of gamma interferon (IFN-γ) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) upon stimulation with specific peptides and mitogens. The other two clones had a Th1-like cytokine profile with high expression of IFN-γ and no IL-4. Identification of a promiscuous epitope in Pfg27 could play a significant role in the design of a subunit vaccine for suppressing malaria transmission.
Contreras, C., Ploton, I., Siliciano, R., Karp, C., Viscidi, R., & Kumar, N. (1998). Mapping of specific and promiscuous HLA-DR-restricted T-cell epitopes on the plasmodium falciparum 27-kilodalton sexual stage-specific antigen. Infection and Immunity, 66 (8). http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/iai.66.8.3579-3590.1998