Anopheles gambiae salivary gland proteins as putative targets for blocking transmission of malaria parasites
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Anopheles gambiae is the primary vector of human malaria in sub-Saharan Africa. Invasion of Anopheles salivary glands by Plasmodium sporozoites is a necessary step in the transmission of malaria and is likely to be mediated by specific receptor-ligand interactions. We are interested in identifying putative an A. gambiae salivary gland receptor or receptors for sporozoite invasion as a possible target for blocking malaria transmission. By using monoclonal antibodies against female-specific A. gambiae salivary gland proteins, two molecules, one of 29 kDa and one of 100 kDa, were identified and characterized with respect to the age and blood-feeding process of mosquitoes. In an in vivo bioassay, the monoclonal antibody against the 100-kDa protein inhibited Plasmodium yoelii sporozoite invasion of salivary glands ≥75%. These results show that A. gambiae salivary gland proteins are accessible to monoclonal antibodies that inhibit sporozoite invasion of the salivary glands and suggest alternate targets for blocking the transmission of malaria by this most competent of malaria vectors.
Brennan, J., Kent, M., Dhar, R., Fujioka, H., & Kumar, N. (2000). Anopheles gambiae salivary gland proteins as putative targets for blocking transmission of malaria parasites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 97 (25). http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.250472597