Title

The burden of polyparasitism among primary schoolchildren in rural and farming areas in Zimbabwe

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

10-1-2008

Journal

Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

Volume

102

Issue

10

DOI

10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.05.024

Keywords

Children; Helminths; Plasmodium falciparum; Polyparasitism; Schistosoma; Zimbabwe

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted in Zimbabwe among 1303 primary schoolchildren from a rural (53.3%) and a commercial farming area (46.7%) to determine the prevalence of co-infection by helminths and Plasmodium falciparum. Urine was examined on three successive days using the filtration method. Two stool specimens were processed using the Kato-Katz method and a third specimen was processed using the sedimentation method. Plasmodium falciparum was diagnosed from thick blood films. The prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium in the rural and farming areas was 66.8% and 52.3%, respectively, and for S. mansoni the prevalence was 12.4% and 22.7%, respectively. Plasmodium falciparum, hookworms, Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura occurred only in the farming area, with a prevalence of 27.9%, 23.7%, 2.1%, 2.3%, respectively. Co-infection and triple infection with schistosomes, P. falciparum and soil-transmitted helminths occurred in the commercial farming area only. Hookworm and S. mansoni infections were associated with P. falciparum malaria (P < 0.001, OR = 2.48, 95% CI 1.56-3.93 and P = 0.005, OR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.20-2.87, respectively). Overlap of helminths with malaria is a concern among primary schoolchildren and incorporating helminth control in programmes aiming to control malaria will improve funding and increase the efficiency of control for neglected tropical diseases in identified co-endemic settings. © 2008.

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