Document Type

Issue Brief

Publication Date



The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the Supreme Court’s related decision have significantly shifted the health care landscape for safety net providers. Federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) are a mainstay of primary care for the uninsured and those with limited access to care. This paper focuses on the impact of health reform on FQHCs given the significant federal investment in them through grants, Medicaid, and Medicare reimbursement. Where noteworthy, the effect on non-FQHC community clinics is also discussed. The implications of Medicaid coverage expansions (or lack thereof in states that choose not to expand), Medicaid disproportionate share hospital program cuts, discretionary budgets and sequestration, Medicare payment changes, contracting with qualified health plans in state health insurance exchanges, and delivery system reforms are explored.


Issue brief no. 848

Open Access




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