National policymakers became alarmed in the fall of 1998 when, contrary to expectations, nearly 100 Medicare HMOs announced their decisions to pull out of Medicare in certain areas or to reduce their service areas. This issue brief explores the reasons plans withdrew from certain areas, the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 provisions that most directly influenced these decisions, the impact of the withdrawals on Medicare beneficiaries, and policy options for ensuring the viability of the Medicare+Choice program.
Super, Nora, "Medicare HMO Pullouts: What Do They Portend for the Future of Medicare+Choice?" (1999). National Health Policy Forum. Paper 20.