Document Type

DNP Project


School of Nursing

Date of Degree

Spring 2024


Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Primary Advisor

Dr. Karen Whitt


Background: Burnout among healthcare workers is one of the most complex and costly challenges in healthcare and has adverse effects on individuals’ well-being. Mindfulness-Based Interventions (MBI) are one evidence-based method organizations have used to promote self- care and improve well-being.

Objectives: The purpose of this project was to develop, implement, and evaluate the effectiveness of a four-week MBI at a senior care organization to improve caregiver well-being and mindful self-care.

Methods: A pretest and posttest design was utilized for data collection and analysis. All current employees were recruited to complete the Well-Being Index (WBI) and Mindful Self-Care Scale (MSCS) to establish pre- and post-intervention levels. Participants received one hour-long mindfulness training during their monthly staff in-service (week 1). This was followed by three weekly 30-minute online modules (weeks 2-4) addressing topics related to mindful self-care. The MBI also included an online mindfulness toolkit and a month-long company-wide wellness challenge.

Results: Paired t-tests were used to compare scores before and after the intervention for the 16 participants (25% of employees) who returned the pre- and post-surveys. Participants’ mean WBI and MSCS scores both improved post-intervention. Additionally, those who completed all four weeks of the MBI training showed more improvement in WBI and MSCS scores. Participants’ satisfaction ratings of the MBI were high and qualitative data reported positive feedback.

Conclusion: Participation in mindful self-care practices and trainings can impact individuals’ well-being. Improvement in overall scores suggests that MBI can be part of the solution to address caregiver well-being.

Open Access


Available for download on Wednesday, April 16, 2025