OEIS complex associated with chromosome 1p36 deletion: A case report and review
American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Chromosome 1p36 deletion; Cloaca exstrophy; OEIS complex
OEIS complex (Omphalocele, Exstrophy of the cloaca, Imperforate anus, and Spine abnormalities) is a rare defect with estimated incidence of 1 in 200,000 live births. Most cases are sporadic, with no obvious cause. However, it has been rarely reported in patients with family members having similar malformations or with chromosomal anomalies. In addition, OEIS complex has been observed in association with environmental exposures, twinning, and in vitro fertilization. Monosomy 1p36 is the most common terminal deletion syndrome, with a prevalence of 1 in 5,000 newborns. It is characterized by specific facial features, developmental delay, and heart, skeletal, genitourinary, and neurological defects. We describe an infant with OEIS complex and 1p36 deletion who had features of both disorders, including omphalocele, cloacal exstrophy, imperforate anus, sacral multiple segmentation, renal malposition and malrotation, genital anomalies, diastasis of the symphysis pubis, microbrachycephaly, large anterior fontanel, cardiac septal defects, rib fusion, a limb deformity, developmental delay, and typical facial features. Chromosomal microarray analysis detected a 2.4Mb terminal deletion of chromosome 1p. This is the first reported case with OEIS complex in association with a chromosome 1p36 deletion. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
El-Hattab, A., Skorupski, J., Hsieh, M., Breman, A., Patel, A., Cheung, S., & Craigen, W. (2010). OEIS complex associated with chromosome 1p36 deletion: A case report and review. American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A, 152 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.33226