Title

Design of patient-specific concentric tube robots using path planning from 3-D ultrasound

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

9-13-2017

Journal

Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS

DOI

10.1109/EMBC.2017.8036788

Abstract

© 2017 IEEE. Percutaneous techniques and robot-assisted surgical systems have enabled minimally invasive procedures that offer reduced scarring, recovery time, and complications compared to traditional open surgeries. Despite these improvements, access to diseased sites using the standard, straight needle-based percutaneous techniques is still limited for certain procedures due to intervening tissues. These limitations can be further exacerbated in specific patient groups, particularly pediatric patients, whose anatomy does not fit the traditional tools and systems. We therefore propose a patient-specific paradigm to design and fabricate dexterous, robotic tools based on the patient's preoperative images. In this paper, we present the main steps of our proposed paradigm - image-based path planning, robot design, and fabrication - along with an example case that focuses on a class of dexterous, snake-like tools called concentric tube robots. We demonstrate planning a safe path using a patient's preoperative ultrasound images. We then determine the concentric tube robot parameters needed to achieve this path, and finally, we use 3-D printing to fabricate the patient-specific robot.

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