30-Day unanticipated healthcare encounters after prolapse surgery: impact of same day discharge
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
prolapse surgery; same-day discharge; urogynecology
© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Background: Same-day discharge is becoming increasingly common in gynecologic surgery; however, data are limited for frequency, setting, and severity of unanticipated healthcare visits for women who are discharged on the day of surgery after major prolapse repair. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether discharge on the day of surgery is associated with increased 30-day unanticipated healthcare encounters after major pelvic organ prolapse surgery compared with discharge on or after postoperative day 1. Study Design: This is a retrospective analysis of women who underwent pelvic organ prolapse surgery by 8 female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery surgeons from January 2016 to October 2017. Unanticipated healthcare encounter was a composite variable of any visit to the office, emergency department, or hospital readmission. Number of visits, visit diagnoses, and complication severity (Clavien-Dindo classification) were compared by day of discharge with the use of χ2 tests. Multivariable analyses were performed. Results: Of 405 women, 258 (63.7%) were discharged on the day of surgery, and 147 (36.3%) were discharged on postoperative day 1 or later. Mean age was 66±11 years, body mass index was 27.9±4.8 kg/m2. Most had stage III prolapse (n=273; 67.4%). Procedures included laparoscopic or robotic sacrocolpopexy, (n=163; 40.2%), vaginal apical suspensions (n=115; 28.4%), obliterative (n=105; 25.9%), and concomitant hysterectomy (n=229; 56.5%). There was no increase in the number of women with at least 1 unanticipated healthcare encounter within 30 days of surgery, based on discharge on the day of surgery compared with postoperative day 1 (24.0% vs 26.5%; P=.572). The majority of visits occurred in the office (17.8% vs 19.0%; P=.760). There was no increase in 30-day readmissions (3.5% vs 4.8%; P=.527). The most common visit diagnosis was pain and accounted for 31.5% of all visits, followed by urologic and gastrointestinal symptoms. Diagnoses and complication severity did not vary by day of discharge, except that women who were discharged on the day of surgery were more likely to have a superficial wound separation (11.3% vs 0%; P=.011) and less likely to experience grade II complications (7.4% vs 15.6%, P=.009). Few women had >1 unscheduled visit, and rates were similar between the 2 groups (6.2% vs 6.8%; P=.810). On multivariable regression, younger women (adjusted odds ratio, 1.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.001–1.05), those with lower body mass index (adjusted odds ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.13–1.01), and higher initial postanesthesia recovery unit pain scores (adjusted odds ratio, 1.11; 95% confidence interval, 1.02–1.21) were more likely to have an unanticipated healthcare encounter. Pain complaints were evaluated most often in the office compared with the emergency department (41.1% vs 13.0%); medical complications such as cardiac (15.6% vs 0%) and respiratory (6.5% vs 0%) were more likely to be evaluated in the emergency department. Higher grade complications (II/III) were more likely to visit the emergence department (78.2% vs 27.1%; P<.0001). Conclusion: Same-day discharge after prolapse surgery did not result in an increase in 30-day unanticipated healthcare encounters.
Romanova, A., Carter-Brooks, C., Ruppert, K., & Zyczynski, H. (2020). 30-Day unanticipated healthcare encounters after prolapse surgery: impact of same day discharge. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 222 (5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.11.1249