Instrumentation and Surgical Technique: Step-by-Step Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Multiple Access
Percutaneous Renal Surgery
Balloon dilation; Multiple accesses; Percutaneous nephrolithotomy
© 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved. The best treatment for the majority of patients harboring large renal calculi is percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Stone volume and collecting system anatomy may make it necessary to undertake this procedure using a multi-access approach. Patient preparation, technical aspects of the procedure including intraoperative trouble-shooting, and postoperative care are reviewed in this chapter.
Lange, J., Mufarrij, P., & Assimos, D. (2013). Instrumentation and Surgical Technique: Step-by-Step Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Multiple Access. Percutaneous Renal Surgery, (). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118670903.ch14