International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Clostridium difficile is the most common cause of healthcare-associated infections and can have devastating morbidity and mortality. Traditional treatment algorithms involve intravenous metronidazole and enteric metronidazole or vancomycin. Fidaxomicin (DificidR) targets “switch regions” within RNA polymerases and effectively kills clostridium difficile bacteria and is typically administered orally primarily or through a naso/oro-gastric conduit.
Presentation of case
55-year-old with a recent elective surgical procedure was hospitalized with multifocal pneumonia and subsequently developed clostridium difficile colitis. This patient failed the standard medical therapy for clostridium difficile colitis, decompensated and required surgical exploration, partial colectomy and mucous fistula creation. Following her surgery, her clinical condition improved and her colitis resolved with the antegrade administration of fidaxomicin through her mucous fistula.
Fidaxomicin is a newer to market therapeutic agent that has been shown to be effective in the treatment of clostridium difficile colitis. Previously studies have shown benefit of oral fidaxomicin therapy for fulminant clostridium difficile but our study case report describes the index case of topical fidaxomicin through a mucous fistula.
In our case of fulminant clostridium difficile colitis, Fidaxomicin administered in an antegrade fashion through a mucous fistula may have reduced the need for total colectomy in the treatment of fulminant clostridium difficile colitis.
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Arnott, S., Skancke, M., Chen, S., & Abell, B. (2017). A Case Report of Successful Management of Clostridium Difficile Colitis with Antegrade Fidaxomicin Through A Mucous Fistula Obviating the Need for Subtotal Colectomy.. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 42 (). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2017.11.042