Title

A dual compression system: Preliminary clinical insights from the US

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

9-1-2020

Journal

Journal of Wound Care

Volume

29

DOI

10.12968/jowc.2020.29.Sup9.S29

Keywords

Compression therapy; Dual-layer compression bandage; Lymphoedema; Ulcers; Venous; Venous leg ulcers

Abstract

There is growing evidence on an interconnection between the venous and lymphatic systems in venous leg ulceration, and the possible effects of prolonged oedema and lymphatic impairment in delayed wound healing. Compression therapy is a widely accepted treatment for venous and lymphatic disorders, as it decreases recurrence rates and prolongs the interval between recurrences. Compression bandages improve venous return, increase the volume and rate of venous flow, reduce oedema and stimulate anti-inflammatory processes. The pressure at the interface (IP) of the bandage and the skin is related to the elastic recoil of the product used and its resistance to expansion. The pressure difference between the IP in the supine and standing positions is called the static stiffness index (SSI). Elastic materials provide little resistance to muscle expansion during physical activity, resulting in small pressure differences between resting and activity, with an SSI <10mmHg. Stiff, inelastic materials with a stretch of <100% resist the increase of muscle volume during physical activity, producing higher peak pressures, an SSI of >10mmHg and a greater haemodynamic benefit than elastic systems. UrgoK2 is a novel dual-layer high-compression system consisting of an inelastic (short stretch) and elastic (long stretch) bandage, resulting in sustained tolerable resting pressure and elevated working pressures over extended wear times. It is indicated for the treatment of active venous leg ulcers and the reduction of chronic venous oedema. Each bandage layer has a visual aid to enable application at the correct pressure level. Published European studies have assessed this compression system, exploring its consistency of application, tolerability and efficacy. This article presents the first reports of health professionals' clinical experience of using the compression system in the US, where it has been recently launched. Initial feedback is promising.

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