Autotransplantation of solitary kidney with renal artery aneurysm treated with laparoscopic nephrectomy and ex vivo repair: A case report

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Transplantation Proceedings








Introduction: Renal artery aneurysms (RAA) are extremely rare clinical entities with associated morbidities including hypertension and rupture. Although most RAA can be treated with in vivo repair or endovascular techniques, these may not be possible in patients with complex RAA beyond the renal artery bifurcation. We report a case of RAA in a patient with a solitary kidney that we treated successfully by extracorporeal repair and autotransplantation and the 2-years follow-up. Case Report: A 64-year-old woman with a history of right nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma presented with RAA found on routine computed tomography (CT). Preoperative workup demonstrated a 2.2 × 2.1 × 3-cm aneurysm in the distal left renal artery that was not amendable to in vivo or endovascular repair. The patient underwent a laparoscopic-assisted left nephrectomy, ex vivo renal artery aneurysm repair, and autotransplantation. She did well postoperatively and in clinic follow-up was found to have a creatinine of 1.2 mg/dL at the end of 2 years and stable blood pressure control. Discussion: This patient with RAA in her solitary kidney was successfully treated with laparoscopic-assisted nephrectomy, ex vivo repair, and autotransplantation. Her creatinine was stable postoperatively despite absence of a second kidney. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.

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