Fundamentals of Pediatric Surgery
Anorectal malformations (imperforate anus) are a class of congenital anomalies that are represented by a wide spectrum of defects, some relatively mild and some quite severe. The most feared sequelae associated with the care of these defects is fecal incontinence. Nevertheless, the majority of patients do well and 75% can achieve a good degree of bowel control, provided they receive expert surgical care and adequate postoperative treatment, especially for constipation. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
Levitt, M., & Peña, A. (2011). Anorectal malformations. Fundamentals of Pediatric Surgery, (). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-6643-8_64