Magnetic resonance imaging of anorectal malformations
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
Anorectal malformation; Children; Cloaca; Cloacal malformation; MR imaging
Anorectal malformation (ARM) occurs in approximately 1 in 5000 newborns and is frequently accompanied by anomalies of the genitalia, gynecologic system, urinary tract, spine, and skeletal system. Diagnostic imaging plays a central role in ARM evaluation. Because of the lack of ionizing radiation, excellent intrinsic contrast resolution, multiplanar imaging capabilities, technical advances in hardware, and innovative imaging protocols, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasingly important in assessment of ARM patients in utero, postnatally before definitive surgical correction, and in the postoperative period. This article discusses the role of MR imaging in evaluating ARM patients. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.
Podberesky, D., Towbin, A., Eltomey, M., & Levitt, M. (2013). Magnetic resonance imaging of anorectal malformations. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America, 21 (4). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mric.2013.04.010