Guidelines for the management of postoperative obstructive symptoms in children with Hirschsprung disease
Pediatric Surgery International
Aganglionosis; Enterocolitis; Functional megacolon; Hirschsprung disease; Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis; Hirschsprung’s disease; Hirschsprung’s-associated enterocolitis; Hypoganglionosis; Internal sphincter achalasia; Obstruction; Transition zone pull-through
© 2017, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Although most children with Hirschsprung disease ultimately do well, many experience a variety of ongoing problems after pull-through surgery. The most common include obstructive symptoms, soiling, enterocolitis and failure to thrive. The purpose of this guideline is to present a rational approach to the management of postoperative obstructive symptoms in children with Hirschsprung disease. The American Pediatric Surgical Association Board of Governors established a Hirschsprung Disease Interest Group. Group discussions, literature review and expert consensus were then used to summarize the current state of knowledge regarding causes, methods of diagnosis, and treatment approaches to children with obstructive symptoms following pull-through for Hirschsprung disease. Causes of obstructive symptoms post-pull-through include mechanical obstruction; persistent or acquired aganglionosis, hypoganglionosis, or transition zone pull-through; internal sphincter achalasia; disordered motility in the proximal intestine that contains ganglion cells; or functional megacolon caused by stool-holding behavior. An algorithm for the diagnosis and management of obstructive symptoms after a pull-through for Hirschsprung disease is presented. A stepwise, logical approach to the diagnosis and management of patients experiencing obstructive symptoms following pull-through for Hirschsprung disease can facilitate treatment. Level of evidence V.
Langer, J., Rollins, M., Levitt, M., Gosain, A., de la Torre, L., Kapur, R., Cowles, R., Horton, J., Rothstein, D., & Goldstein, A. (2017). Guidelines for the management of postoperative obstructive symptoms in children with Hirschsprung disease. Pediatric Surgery International, 33 (5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-017-4066-7