Title

Effective methods to decrease surgical site infections in pediatric gastrointestinal surgery

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

1-1-2018

Journal

Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Volume

53

Issue

1

DOI

10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.10.018

Keywords

Bundle; GI; Surgical site infection

Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier Inc. Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) surgeries represent a significant proportion of the surgical site infection (SSI) burden in pediatric patients, resulting in significant morbidity. Previous studies have shown that perioperative bundles reduce SSIs, but few have focused on pediatric GI operations. We hypothesized that a GI bundle would decrease SSI rates, length of stay (LOS), and hospital charges. Methods: After establishing baseline SSI rates, a GI bundle was created and implemented in November 2014. We prospectively collected data including demographics, procedure type, LOS, inpatient charges, bundle compliance, and SSI development. We analyzed SSI rates, LOS, and charges using process control charts. Results: The baseline SSI rate for all GI operations was 3.4%, which increased to 7.1%, then decreased to 4.7%. Midgut/hindgut and stoma closure SSI rates decreased from 11.3% to 8.0% (p < 0.05) and 21.4% to 7.9%, respectively (p < 0.05). Although overall LOS and charges were unchanged, average LOS for midgut/hindgut surgeries and stoma closures decreased from 20.3 to 13.6 days (p = 0.015) and 12.6 to 7.9 days (p = 0.04), respectively. Stoma closure charges decreased from $94,262 to $50,088 (p = 0.01). Conclusions: Our perioperative GI bundle decreased SSI rates, primarily among midgut/hindgut operations. Bundle usage decreased LOS and charges most effectively in stoma closures. Type of study: Prognosis Study. Level of evidence: Level 2.

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