Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
anorectal malformation; cloaca; imperforate anus; pediatric fecal incontinence
© Copyright 2018 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. Anorectal malformation are common congenital problems occurring in 1 in 5,000 births and have a spectrum of anatomical presentations, requiring individualized treatments for the newborn, sophisticated approaches to the definitive reconstruction, and management of long-term treatments and outcomes. Associated anomalies related to the cardiac, renal, gynecologic, orthopedic, spinal, and sacral systems impact care and prognosis. Long-term results are good provided there is an accurate anatomical reconstruction and a focus on maximizing of functional results.
Wood, R., & Levitt, M. (2018). Anorectal Malformations. Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery, 31 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0037-1609020