Title

Impact on Patient Care of a Multidisciplinary Center Specializing in Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstruction

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

11-19-2018

Journal

Frontiers in Surgery

Volume

5

DOI

10.3389/fsurg.2018.00068

Keywords

anorectal malformation (ARM); colorectal surgery; combined procedure; hirschsprung disease; impact on patient care; multidiscipinary collaboration

Abstract

© Copyright © 2018 Vilanova-Sánchez, Reck, Wood, Garcia Mauriño, Gasior, Dyckes, McCracken, Weaver, Halleran, Diefenbach, Minzler, Rentea, Ching, Jayanthi, Fuchs, Dajusta, Hewitt and Levitt. Aim of the study: Many patients with an anorectal malformation (ARM) or pelvic anomaly have associated urologic or gynecologic problems. We hypothesized that our multidisciplinary center, which integrates pediatric colorectal, urologic, gynecologic and GI motility services, could impact a patient's anesthetic exposures and hospital visits. Methods: We tabulated during 2015 anesthetic/surgical events, endotracheal intubations, and clinic/hospital visits for all patients having a combined procedure. Main results: Eighty two patients underwent 132 combined procedures (Table 1). The median age at intervention was 3 years [0.2-17], and length of follow up was 25 months [7-31]. The number of procedures in patients who underwent combined surgery was lower as compared to if they had been done independently [1(1-5) vs. 3(2-7) (p < 0.001)]. Intubations were also lower [1[1-3] vs. 2[1-6]; p < 0.001]. Hospital length of stay was significantly lower for the combined procedures vs. the theoretical individual procedures [8 days [3-20] vs. 10 days [4-16]] p < 0.05. Post-operative clinic visits were fewer when combined visits were coordinated as compared to the theoretical individual clinic visits (urology, gynecology, and colorectal) [1[1-4] vs. 2[1-6]; p = < 0.001]. Conclusions: Patients with anorectal and pelvic malformations are likely to have many medical or surgical interventions during their lifetime. A multidisciplinary approach can reduce surgical interventions, anesthetic procedures, endotracheal intubations, and hospital/outpatient visits.

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