Presacral masses and sacrococcygeal teratomas in patients with and without anorectal malformations: A single institution comparative study

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date



Journal of Pediatric Surgery








Anorectal malformation; Currarino triad; Oncology; Presacral mass; Sacral anomaly; Sacrococcygeal teratoma


© 2018 Elsevier Inc. Background: Despite variability at presentation, presacral masses in patients with and without anorectal malformations (ARM) appear histologically similar. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in oncologic outcomes between these two groups. Methods: A retrospective review was performed utilizing our institutional cancer and colorectal and pelvic reconstruction databases for patients with presacral masses and sacrococcygeal teratomas between 1990 and 2017. Data captured included age at surgical resection, type of ARM, tumor location within the pelvis, tumor histopathology, tumor size, adjuvant chemotherapy, recurrence, and follow-up. Results: Forty-six patients comprised our cohort, of whom 12 had an ARM. The median age was older at resection for those with an ARM (1.4 years; range 1 day to 29.4 years) compared to those without an ARM (9 days; range 0 days to 6.9 years) (p = 0.01). The mean tumor size was 2.5 cm in patients with an ARM compared to 6.0 cm in patients without an ARM (p = 0.036). All patients with ARM had exclusively intrapelvic tumors, and histopathology included mature teratoma (8), yolk sac tumor (1), lipoma (1), and unknown (2). Tumor location for patients with sacral and presacral masses without ARM included exclusively extrapelvic (10), primarily extrapelvic with large intrapelvic component (7), primarily intrapelvic with extrapelvic component (1), exclusively intrapelvic (8), and unknown (8). Histopathology for patients with presacral masses without ARM included mature teratoma (20), immature teratoma (7), yolk sac tumor (3), ganglioneuroma (1), neuroblastoma (1), benign epithelial cyst (1), and unknown (1). Tumor recurrence rate was similar between patients with ARM (n = 3, 25%) and those without an ARM (n = 5, 15%) (p = 0.41). The 5-year event free survival was 65% (95% CI: 25%–87%) in the group with ARM and 81% (95% CI: 60%–92%) in the group without ARM (p = 0.44). Conclusion: Sacral and presacral masses in patients with ARM are resected at a later age and are more likely to be intrapelvic. They appear histologically similar and have similar rates of recurrence and malignancy when compared to patients without ARM. Level of Evidence: III Type of Study: Retrospective comparative study.

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