Title

A comparison of surgical complications after appendicostomy and neoappendicostomy in pediatric patients

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

8-1-2019

Journal

Journal of Pediatric Surgery

Volume

54

Issue

8

DOI

10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2019.04.002

Keywords

ACE; Antegrade continent enema; Appendicostomy; Complication; Fecal incontinence; MACE; Malone; Neoappendicostomy; NeoMalone

Abstract

© 2019 Elsevier Inc. Purpose: There are limited data on neoappendicostomy complications owing to small patient populations. This study compares appendicostomy and neoappendicostomy procedures with an emphasis on major postoperative complications requiring either a surgical or interventional radiology procedure. Method: A single-institution retrospective review included all patients with complete medical charts in the Cincinnati Children's Colorectal Database who underwent either an appendicostomy or neoappendicostomy from August 2005 through December 2016. Demographics, details of the procedure, and major postoperative complications were evaluated. Results: 261 patients (appendicostomy n = 208, neoappendicostomy n = 53) with a median follow up time of 2.5 years resulted in 84 patients (appendicostomy n = 60, neoappendicostomy n = 24) experiencing a total of 118 complications requiring surgical or radiologic intervention with a significant difference between the groups (29% vs 45%, RR = 1.79 (95% CI: 1.24–2.60), p < 0.01). Skin level stricture was the most common complication (20% appendicostomies vs 30% neoappendicostomies, p = 0.13). Conclusions: Appendicostomies and neoappendicostomies can be an effective way to manage fecal incontinence; however, 32% of our patients experienced a complication that required either a surgical or interventional radiology procedure. Patients need to be informed of the possible complications that are associated with appendicostomy and neoappendicostomy construction. Type of study: Single institution retrospective review. Level of evidence: IV.

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