Title

Bariatric surgery in adolescents

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

12-1-2007

Journal

Minimally Invasive Bariatric Surgery

DOI

10.1007/978-0-387-68062-0_49

Abstract

Paralleling the epidemic of adult obesity are increasing trends in the prevalence and incidence of childhood obesity. Nearly two-thirds of adults in the United States are overweight and one-third obese (1), and 17% of children and adolescents are overweight or obese (2). The immediate and long-term health consequences of childhood obesity as well as the psychosocial and economic effects increasingly are cited as compelling arguments to perform bariatric surgery on adolescents to achieve aggressive weight loss. To provide a framework for considering and performing adolescent bariatric surgery, this chapter discusses the basic concepts of pediatric obesity, including definitions, risk factors, and consequences of obesity unique to adolescents. Additionally, we review the available evidence for the efficacy of bariatric procedures in the adolescent population and provide the reader with a suggested guideline and pathway for the application of bariatric surgery among adolescents. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.

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