Title

Laparoscopic versus open distal pancreatectomy in the management of traumatic pancreatic disruption

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

7-1-2012

Journal

Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques

Volume

22

Issue

6

DOI

10.1089/lap.2012.0002

Abstract

Purpose: Traumatic pancreatic transection is uncommon. The role of laparoscopy in the setting of this injury has not been well described. Patients and Methods: Six large-volume pediatric trauma centers contributed patients <18 years of age who underwent a distal pancreatectomy for traumatic pancreatic transection from 2000 to 2010. Results: Twenty-one patients without another indication for emergency laparotomy underwent a distal pancreatectomy for Grade III pancreatic injuries, of which 7 underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy. Mean (±SD) age was 8.6±4.7 years, and 67% were male. There was no difference in the presence of other injuries between the two groups (43% in each group). Computed tomography revealed a transected pancreas in 85% of the laparoscopic patients and 75% of the open group (P=1.0). Mean operative time was 218±101 minutes with laparoscopy compared with 195±111 minutes with the open procedure (P=.7). Median duration of hospitalization was 6 days (range, 6-18 days) in the laparoscopic group compared with 11 days (range, 5-26 days) in the open group (P=0.3). Postoperative morbidity was not different between the two groups (57% versus 21% for laparoscopic versus open, P=.2). Conclusions: Laparoscopy is equivalent to open distal pancreatectomy in children with select traumatic pancreatic injuries. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2012.

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