Ultrasound indicators of persistent obstruction after submandibular sialolithotomy
Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
postoperative imaging; recurrence; sialolithiasis; submandibular gland; transoral sialolithotomy; ultrasound examination
Objective. To identify and describe the ultrasound indicators of persistent obstruction following transoral submandibular sialolithotomy and discuss the utility of ultrasound in the immediate postoperative period. Study Design. We performed a prospective case series with planned data collection of patients who underwent treatment for symptomatic submandibular swelling. Setting. A tertiary care center. Subjects. Thirty-three patients of either sex with known submandibular gland sialoliths who failed endoscopic retrieval of calculi. Methods. We performed in-office or operating room-based transoral submandibular gland sialolithotomy followed by immediate postprocedure ultrasound examination for the assessment of residual calculi. All patients underwent mandatory reexploration for suspicious findings. Results. Only the appearance of hyperechogenic foci with posterior shadowing reliably predicted the presence of residual stones following transoral sialolithotomy (P <.0001). The presence of hyperechogenic foci without posterior shadowing (P = 1.00), ductal dilatation (P = .23), and intraglandular dilatation (P = 1.00) was not indicative of retained calculi. Conclusion. The presence of hyperechogenic foci with posterior shadowing on immediate postprocedure ultrasound is an accurate indicator of residual stones following transoral submandibular sialolithotomy. Ultrasound examination can be reliably used to identify patients at risk of symptomatic recurrence of sialoliths. © American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2013.
Joshi, A., & Lohia, S. (2013). Ultrasound indicators of persistent obstruction after submandibular sialolithotomy. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States), 149 (6). http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599813508271