Title

Pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in HPV-associated oropharynx cancer

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

3-1-2020

Journal

Head and Neck

Volume

42

Issue

3

DOI

10.1002/hed.26022

Keywords

HPV; MRI; neoadjuvant chemotherapy; oropharynx cancer; transoral surgery

Abstract

© 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Background: A paradigm shift has led to de-escalation trials for the treatment of HPV-positive oropharynx cancer (OPC). The objective of this study was to assess the ability of tumor volume reduction on imaging to predict pathological response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with HPV-positive OPC. Methods: A prospective observational study of 54 patients with HPV-positive OPC enrolled in a clinical trial of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery was performed. Patients underwent three cycles of induction chemotherapy (cisplatin/docetaxel); prechemotherapy and postchemotherapy imaging were obtained. Receiver operating characteristic curves and logistic regression analyses were used. Results: The complete pathologic response (pCR) rate at primary and nodal sites were 72% and 57%, respectively. Tumor volume reduction of ≥90% following induction chemotherapy predicted pCR of the primary tumor. Conclusions: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by definitive transoral surgery is a new paradigm worthy of further investigation and MRI is a reliable modality to assess preoperative response.

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