Equivalent success of simultaneous pancreas kidney and solitary pancreas transplantation: A prospective trial of tacrolimus immunesuppression with percutaneous biopsy
Annals of Surgery
Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the results of solitary pancreas transplantation in a protocol that uses the new immunosuppressant tacrolimus (FK) and liberally applies ultrasound guided percutaneous pancreas biopsy to diagnose rejection. Summary Background Data: Pancreas graft survival in patients who simultaneously receive a kidney transplant (SPK) historically has been 75% to 90% at 1 year, approaching that of cadaveric kidney transplantations. In sharp contrast, graft survival rates in patients who receive a pancreas alone (PA) have remained static over the past decade, with approximately 50% functional at 1 year. It was hypothesized that the results of PA transplantations would improve with newer maintenance immunosuppressants and biopsy techniques. Methods: Twenty seven PA recipients prospectively were treated with FK-based immunesuppression (PA-FK). Percutaneous biopsy was performed for hyperamylasemia, hyperlipasemia, hypoamylasuria, or unexplained fever. One year pancreas graft survival in these patients was compared to 15 cyclosporine treated PA cases (PA-CsA) and 113 SPK recipients. Results: The 1-year pancreas graft survival rate of 90.1% in technically successful PA-FK patients was significantly better than the 53.4% rate in PA-CsA recipients (p = 0.002) and no different than the 87.4% rate in SPK recipients. The only graft lost to acute rejection in the PA-FK group was because of acknowledged patient noncompliance. Percutaneous biopsy substantially improved the diagnostic certainty in cases of suspected rejection and was associated with a low complication rate (3/178 = 1.5%). Conclusions: Modern immunosuppression and biopsy techniques have improved the success of solitary pancreas transplantations to the point where outcome is now equivalent to that of SPKs.
Bartlett, S., Schweitzer, E., Johnson, L., Kuo, P., Papadimitriou, J., Drachenberg, C., Klassen, D., Hoehn-Saric, E., Weir, M., & Imbembo, A. (1996). Equivalent success of simultaneous pancreas kidney and solitary pancreas transplantation: A prospective trial of tacrolimus immunesuppression with percutaneous biopsy. Annals of Surgery, 224 (4). http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00000658-199610000-00003