Outcome of extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction in orthotopic liver transplantation
American Journal of Surgery
Arterial conduit; Liver transplant; Outcome; Venous conduit
Background: Portal venous and hepatic arterial reconstruction are critical to successful outcomes in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). With portal vein thrombosis or inadequate hepatic arterial inflow, extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction is required. However, the clinical outcomes following extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction are largely unknown. Methods: To determine the outcomes associated with extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction, we performed a retrospective review of 205 OLT recipients transplanted between 1995 and 2000. Results: Extra-anatomic portal venous inflow was based upon the recipient superior mesenteric vein using donor iliac vein graft in a retrogastric position (n = 12). Extra-anatomic arterial inflow was based on recipient infrarenal aorta using donor iliac artery graft through the transverse mesocolon (n = 25). OLT with routine anatomic vascular construction served as control (n = 168). Extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction was not associated with increased morbidity, mortality, operating room time, length of stay, or thrombosis. Conclusion: We conclude that extra-anatomic vascular conduits are associated with excellent long-term outcomes and provide acceptable alternatives for vascular reconstruction in OLT. © 2001 Excerpta Medica, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cappadonna, C., Johnson, L., Lu, A., & Kuo, P. (2001). Outcome of extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction in orthotopic liver transplantation. American Journal of Surgery, 182 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0002-9610(01)00675-4