Successful induction of long-term specific tolerance to fully allogeneic renal allografts in miniature swine
Major histocompatibility complex class II matching is of overwhelming importance for achieving tolerance to kidney transplants (KTX) in miniature swine. When class II antigens are matched, long-term specific tolerance across complete MHC class I antigen barriers can uniformly be induced by a 12-day perioperative course of cyclosporine. This same regimen is ineffective in fully MHC-mismatched combinations. We hypothesized that initial induction of tolerance to kidney donor class II antigens by bone marrow transplantation might allow tolerance to be induced to a subsequent fully allogeneic KTX in combination with CsA therapy. We report here the results of such fully allogeneic KTX performed in 4 recipients of prior single-haplotype class II-mismatched BMT. All animals received KTX from donors class II matched to the BMT donor and received a 12-day course of intravenous CsA (10 mg/kg/day). All four animals have maintained normal serum creatinine values (less than 2.0 mg/dl) for greater than 200 days posttrans-plant. Specific hyporesponsiveness to both BMT and KTX donor-type MHC antigens was found in mixed lymphocyte culture and cell-mediated lympholysis assays. Compared with third-party grafts, significantly prolonged survival of BMT donor-specific (P=0.031) and KTX donor-specific (P=0.031) skin grafts was observed. These results demonstrate that induction of tolerance to class II antigens by BMT allows a short course of CsA to induce specific tolerance to fully allogeneic renal allografts. © 1992 by Williams and Wilkins.
Smith, C., Nakajima, K., Mixon, A., Guzzetta, P., Rosengard, B., Fishbein, J., & Sachs, D. (1992). Successful induction of long-term specific tolerance to fully allogeneic renal allografts in miniature swine. Transplantation, 53 (2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00007890-199202010-00033